"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland


A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28

613 Mitzvot Listed by Category: Business Practices

The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writtings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.

Valid for Believers Today Can No Longer Be Followed Applies to Israel Specifically Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles Open for Debate


Number Type Description Commandment Scripture
170 Negative Not to do wrong in buying or selling " 'If you sell anything to your neighbor or buy anything from him, neither of you is to exploit the other. Leviticus 25:14
171 Negative Not to make a loan to an Israelite on interest Do not take interest when you loan him money or take a profit when you sell him food. Leviticus 25:37
172 Negative Not to borrow on interest (because this would cause the lender to sin) "You are not to lend at interest to your brother, no matter whether the loan is of money, food or anything else that can earn interest. Deuteronomy 23:20
173 Negative Not to take part in any usurious transaction between borrower and lender, neither as a surety, nor as a witness, nor as a writer of the bond for them "If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest. Exodus 22:24
174 Positive To lend to a poor person (even though the passage says "if you lend" it is understood as obligatory) "If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest. Exodus 22:24
175 Negative Not to demand from a poor man repayment of his debt, when the creditor knows that he cannot pay, nor press him "If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest. Exodus 22:24
176 Negative Not to take in pledge utensils used in preparing food "No one may take a mill or even an upper millstone as collateral for a loan, because that would be taking as collateral the debtor's very means of sustenance. Deuteronomy 24:6
177 Negative Not to exact a pledge from a debtor by force "When you make any kind of loan to your neighbor, you are not to enter his house to take his collateral. Deuteronomy 24:10
178 Negative Not to keep the pledge from its owner at the time when he needs it If he is poor, you are not to go to bed with what he gave as collateral in your possession; Deuteronomy 24:12
179 Positive To return a pledge to its owner rather, you must restore the pledged item at sunset; then he will go to sleep wearing his garment and bless you. This will be an upright deed of yours before Adonai your God. Deuteronomy 24:13
180 Negative Not to take a pledge from a widow "You are not to deprive the foreigner or the orphan of the justice which is his due, and you are not to take a widow's clothing as collateral for a loan. Deuteronomy 24:17
181 Negative Not to commit fraud in measuring " 'Don't be dishonest when measuring length, weight or capacity. Leviticus 19:35
182 Positive To ensure that scales and weights are correct Rather, use an honest balance-scale, honest weights, an honest bushel dry-measure and an honest gallon liquid-measure; I am Adonai your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. Leviticus 19:36
183 Negative Not to possess inaccurate measures and weights "You are not to have in your pack two sets of weights, one heavy, the other light. You are not to have in your house two sets of measures, one big, the other small. Deuteronomy 25:13 - 14


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