"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland

 

A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

 
     
"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28
     

613 Mitzvot Listed by Category: Employees, Servants and Slaves

The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writtings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.

Valid for Believers Today Can No Longer Be Followed Applies to Israel Specifically Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles Open for Debate

1

Number Type Description Commandment Scripture
184 Negative Not to delay payment of a hired man's wages Do not oppress or rob your neighbor; specifically, you are not to keep back the wages of a hired worker all night until morning. Leviticus 19:13
185 Positive That the hired laborer shall be permitted to eat of the produce he is reaping "When you enter your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat enough grapes to satisfy your appetite; but you are not to put any in your basket. When you enter your neighbor's field of growing grain, you may pluck ears with your hand; but you are not to put a sickle to your neighbor's grain. Deuteronomy 23:25 - 26
186 Positive That the hired laborer shall not take more than he can eat "When you enter your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat enough grapes to satisfy your appetite; but you are not to put any in your basket. Deuteronomy 23:25
187 Negative That a hired laborer shall not eat produce that is not being harvested When you enter your neighbor's field of growing grain, you may pluck ears with your hand; but you are not to put a sickle to your neighbor's grain. Deuteronomy 23:26
188 Positive To pay wages to the hired man at the due time You are to pay him his wages the day he earns them, before sunset; for he is poor and looks forward to being paid. Otherwise he will cry out against you to Adonai, and it will be your sin. Deuteronomy 24:15
189 Positive To deal judicially with the Hebrew bondman in accordance with the laws appertaining to him "If you purchase a Hebrew slave, he is to work six years; but in the seventh, he is to be given his freedom without having to pay anything. If he came single, he is to leave single; if he was married when he came, his wife is to go with him when he leaves. But if his master gave him a wife, and she bore him sons or daughters, then the wife and her children will belong to her master, and he will leave by himself. Nevertheless, if the slave declares, 'I love my master, my wife and my children, so I don't want to go free,' then his master is to bring him before God; and there at the door or doorpost, his master is to pierce his ear with an awl; and the man will be his slave for life. Exodus 21:2 - 6
190 Negative Not to compel the Hebrew servant to do the work of a slave " 'If a member of your people has become poor among you and sells himself to you, do not make him do the work of a slave. Leviticus 25:39
191 Negative Not to sell a Hebrew servant as a slave For they are my slaves, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; therefore they are not to be sold as slaves. Leviticus 25:42
192 Negative Not to treat a Hebrew servant rigorously Do not treat him harshly, but fear your God. Leviticus 25:43
193 Negative Not to permit a gentile to treat harshly a Hebrew bondman sold to him He will be like a worker hired year by year. You will see to it that he is not treated harshly. Leviticus 25:53
194 Negative Not to send away a Hebrew bondman servant empty handed, when he is freed from service Moreover, when you set him free, don't let him leave empty-handed; Deuteronomy 15:13
195 Positive To bestow liberal gifts upon the Hebrew bondsman (at the end of his term of service), and the same should be done to a Hebrew bondwoman but supply him generously from your flock, threshing-floor and winepress; from what Adonai your God has blessed you with, you are to give to him. Deuteronomy 15:14
196 Positive To redeem a Hebrew maid-servant If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly. Exodus 21:8
197 Negative Not to sell a Hebrew maid-servant to another person If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly. Exodus 21:8
198 Positive To espouse a Hebrew maid-servant If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly. If he has her marry his son, then he is to treat her like a daughter. Exodus 21:8 - 9
199 Positive To keep the Canaanite slave forever You may also bequeath them to your children to own; from these groups you may take your slaves forever. But as far as your brothers the people of Isra'el are concerned, you are not to treat each other harshly. Leviticus 25:46
200 Negative Not to surrender a slave, who has fled to the land of Israel, to his owner who lives outside the land "If a slave has escaped from his master and taken refuge with you, you are not to hand him back to his master. Deuteronomy 23:16
201 Negative Not to wrong such a slave Allow him to stay with you, in whichever place suits him best among your settlements; do not mistreat him. Deuteronomy 23:17
202 Negative Not to muzzle a beast, while it is working in produce which it can eat and enjoy "You are not to muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain. Deuteronomy 25:4

1

Back to Cross Reference Page Next - Vows, Oaths and Swearing

Copyright 2013, Kehilah Portland / Jewish Heritage Revival All rights reserved. With our blessing, please use what is presented.