"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland

 

A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

 
     
"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28
     

613 Mitzvot Listed by Book: Numbers

The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writtings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.

Valid for Believers Today Can No Longer Be Followed Applies to Israel Specifically Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles Open for Debate

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Number Type Description Commandment Scripture
18 Positive To put tzitzit on the corners of clothing "Speak to the people of Isra'el, instructing them to make, through all their generations, tzitziyot on the corners of their garments, and to put with the tzitzit on each corner a blue thread. It is to be a tzitzit for you to look at and thereby remember all of Adonai's mitzvot and obey them, so that you won't go around wherever your own heart and eyes lead you to prostitute yourselves; Numbers 15:38 - 39
74 Positive That the woman suspected of adultery shall be dealt with as prescribed in the Torah or the spirit of jealousy comes over a husband and he becomes jealous of his wife, then he is to place the woman before Adonai, and the cohen is to deal with her in accordance with all of this law. Numbers 5:30
132 Positive To hear the sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah " 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you. Numbers 29:1
206 Positive To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah Then Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes of the people of Isra'el. He said, "Here is what Adonai has ordered: when a man makes a vow to Adonai or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do. "When a woman makes a vow to Adonai, formally obligating herself, while she is a minor living in her father's house; then, if her father has heard what she vowed or obligated herself to do and holds his peace, then all her vows remain binding \emdash every obligation she has bound herself to will stand. But if on the day her father hears it, he expresses his disapproval, then none of her vows or obligations she has bound herself to will stand; and Adonai will forgive her, because her father expressed his disapproval. "If, having made vows or rashly committed herself to an obligation, she gets married; and her husband hears but holds his peace with her on the day he learns of it, then her vows and obligations she has bound herself to will stand. But if her husband expresses his disapproval on the day he hears it, he will void the vow which is on her and the obligation to which she has bound herself; and Adonai will forgive her. "The vow of a widow, however, or of a divorcee, including everything to which she has obligated herself, will stand against her. "If a woman vowed in her husband's house or obligated herself with an oath; and her husband heard it but held his peace with her and did not express disapproval, then all her vows and obligations will stand. But if her husband makes them null and void on the day he hears them, then whatever she said, vows or binding obligation, will not stand; her husband has voided them; and Adonai will forgive her. Her husband may let every vow and every binding obligation stand, or he may void it. But if her husband entirely holds his peace with her day after day, then he confirms all her vows and obligations; he must let them stand, because he held his peace with her on the day he heard them. If he makes them null and void after he has heard them, then he will bear the consequent guilt." These are the laws which Adonai ordered Moshe between a man and his wife, and between a father and his daughter, if she is a minor living in her father's house. Numbers 30:2 - 17
207 Negative Not to break a vow when a man makes a vow to Adonai or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do. Numbers 30:3
232 Positive To adjudicate cases of inheritances Moreover, say to the people of Isra'el, 'If a man dies and does not have a son, you are to have his inheritance pass to his daughter. If he doesn't have a daughter, give his inheritance to his brothers. If he has no brothers, give his inheritance to his father's brothers. If his father doesn't have brothers, give his inheritance to the closest relative in his family, and he will possess it. This will be the standard for judgment to be used by the people of Isra'el, as Adonai ordered Moshe.' " Numbers 27:8 - 11
242 Negative That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case " 'If anyone kills someone, the murderer is to be put to death upon the testimony of witnesses; but the testimony of only one witness will not suffice to cause a person to be put to death. Numbers 35:30
260 Negative Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial These cities are to be a refuge for you from the dead person's next-of-kin, who might otherwise avenge his kinsman's death by slaying the killer prior to his standing trial before the community. Numbers 35:12
284 Negative Not to indulge in evil thoughts and sights It is to be a tzitzit for you to look at and thereby remember all of Adonai's mitzvot and obey them, so that you won't go around wherever your own heart and eyes lead you to prostitute yourselves; Numbers 15:39
292 Negative Not to accept ransom from a murderer Also, you are not to accept a ransom in lieu of the life of a murderer condemned to death; rather, he must be put to death. Numbers 35:31
293 Positive To exile one who committed accidental homicide and the community is to save the killer from the next-of-kin avenger. The community is to return him to the city of refuge to which he fled, and he is to live there until the cohen hagadol, who was anointed with the holy oil, dies. Numbers 35:25
295 Negative Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile Likewise, you are not to accept for someone who has fled to his city of refuge a ransom that would allow him to return to his land before the death of the cohen. Numbers 35:32
303 Negative Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat They are to have the cities to live in, while their open land will be for their livestock, for growing crops and for all their animals. Numbers 35:3
368 Positive To redeem the firstborn human male But from people, you are to redeem every firstborn son.

All the firstborn of your sons you are to redeem, and no one is to appear before me empty-handed.

"Everything that comes first out of the womb, of all living things which they offer to Adonai, whether human or animal, will be yours. However, the firstborn of a human being you must redeem, and the firstborn of an unclean beast you are to redeem.

Exodus 13:13; 34:20; Number 18:15
371 Negative Not to redeem the firstling of a clean beast But the firstborn of an ox, sheep or goat you are not to redeem; they are holy \emdash you are to splash their blood against the altar and make their fat go up in smoke as an offering made by fire, as a fragrant aroma for Adonai. Number 18:17
391 Positive To send the unclean out of the Camp of the Shechinah, that is, out of the Sanctuary "Order the people of Isra'el to expel from the camp everyone with tzara`at, everyone with a discharge and whoever is unclean because of touching a corpse. Numbers 5:2
392 Positive That a cohen who is unclean shall not enter the courtyard "Order the people of Isra'el to expel from the camp everyone with tzara`at, everyone with a discharge and whoever is unclean because of touching a corpse. Both male and female you must expel; put them outside the camp; so that they won't defile their camp, where I live among you." Numbers 5:2 - 3
393 Positive That the cohanim shall bless Israel "Speak to Aharon and his sons, and tell them that this is how you are to bless the people of Isra'el: you are to say to them, Numbers 6:23
394 Positive To set apart a portion of the dough for the kohein Set aside from your first dough a cake as a gift; set it aside as you would set aside a portion of the grain from the threshing-floor. Numbers 15:20
395 Positive That the Levites shall not occupy themselves with the service that belongs to the cohanim, nor the cohanim with that belonging to the Levites They are to be at your disposal and perform all kinds of tasks related to the tent; only they are not to come near the holy furnishings or the altar, so that neither they nor you will die. Numbers 18:3
396 Positive That one not a descendant of Aaron in the male line shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) They will work together with you in your duties related to the tent of meeting, whatever the service in the tent may be; but an unauthorized person is not to come near you. You will take charge of all the holy things and the altar, so that there will no longer be anger against the people of Isra'el. I myself have taken your kinsmen the L'vi'im from among the people of Isra'el; they have been given as a gift to Adonai for you, so that you can perform the service in the tent of meeting. You and your sons with you will exercise your prerogatives and duties as cohanim in regard to everything having to do with the altar and within the curtain. I entrust the service required of cohanim to you; the unauthorized person who tries to perform it is to be put to death." Numbers 18:4 - 7
397 Positive That the Levite shall serve in the Sanctuary Only the L'vi'im are to perform the service in the tent of meeting, and they will be responsible for whatever they do wrong. This is to be a permanent regulation through all your generations. They are to have no inheritance among the people of Isra'el, Numbers 18:23
398 Positive To give the Levites cities to dwell in, these to serve also as cities of refuge "Order the people of Isra'el to give to the L'vi'im cities to live in from the heritage they will possess, and you are also to give the L'vi'im some of the open land surrounding the cities. Numbers 35:2
409 Positive To set apart the tithe of the produce (one tenth of the produce after taking out t'rumah) for the Levites " 'All the tenth given from the land, whether from planted seed or fruit from trees, belongs to Adonai; it is holy to Adonai.

because I have given to the L'vi'im as their inheritance the tenths of the produce which the people of Isra'el set aside as a gift for Adonai. This is why I have said to them that they are to have no inheritance among the people of Isra'el."

Leviticus 27:30; Numbers 18:24
412 Positive That the Levites shall set apart a tenth of the tithes, which they had received from the Israelites, and give it to the cohanim (called the t'rumah of the tithe) "Tell the L'vi'im, 'When you take from the people of Isra'el the tenth of the produce which I have given you from them as your inheritance, you are to set aside from it a gift for Adonai, one tenth of the tenth. Numbers 18:26
449 Positive That when the Ark is carried, it should be carried on the shoulder But to the descendants of K'hat he gave none, because their duties involved the holy articles, which they carried on their own shoulders. Numbers 7:9
450 Positive To observe the second Passover But he will observe it in the second month on the fourteenth day at dusk. They are to eat it with matzah and maror, Numbers 9:11
451 Positive To eat the flesh of the Paschal lamb on it, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs But he will observe it in the second month on the fourteenth day at dusk. They are to eat it with matzah and maror, Numbers 9:11
452 Negative Not to leave any flesh of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover until the morning they are to leave none of it until morning, and they are not to break any of its bones they are to observe it according to all the regulations of Pesach. Numbers 9:12
453 Negative Not to break a bone of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover they are to leave none of it until morning, and they are not to break any of its bones they are to observe it according to all the regulations of Pesach. Numbers 9:12
454 Positive To sound the trumpets at the offering of sacrifices and in times of trouble "When you go to war in your land against an adversary who is oppressing you, you are to sound an alarm with the trumpets; then you will be remembered before Adonai your God, and you will be saved from your enemies. "Also on your days of rejoicing, at your designated times and on Rosh-Hodesh, you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; these will be your reminder before your God. I am Adonai your God." Numbers 10:9 - 10
455 Positive To watch over the edifice continually But you are to bring your kinsmen, the tribe of Levi, along with yourselves, to work together with you and help you you and your sons with you when you are there before the tent of meeting. Numbers 18:2
456 Negative Not to allow the Sanctuary to remain unwatched You will take charge of all the holy things and the altar, so that there will no longer be anger against the people of Isra'el. Numbers 18:5
533 Positive To make confession before the L-rd of any sin that one has committed, when bringing a sacrifice and at other times Tell the people of Isra'el, 'When a man or woman commits any kind of sin against another person and thus breaks faith with Adonai, he incurs guilt. He must confess the sin which he has committed; and he must make full restitution for his guilt, add twenty percent and give it to the victim of his sin. Numbers 5:6 - 7
534 Negative Not to put olive oil in the meal-offering of a woman suspected of adultery he is to bring his wife to the cohen, along with the offering for her, two quarts of barley flour on which he has not poured olive oil or put frankincense, because it is a grain offering for jealousy, a grain offering for remembering, for recalling guilt to mind. Numbers 5:15
535 Negative Not to put frankincense on it he is to bring his wife to the cohen, along with the offering for her, two quarts of barley flour on which he has not poured olive oil or put frankincense, because it is a grain offering for jealousy, a grain offering for remembering, for recalling guilt to mind. Numbers 5:15
536 Positive To offer up the regular sacrifices daily (two lambs as burnt offerings) Tell them, 'This is the offering made by fire that you are to bring to Adonai: male lambs in their first year and without defect, two daily as a regular burnt offering. Numbers 28:3
537 Positive To offer up an additional sacrifice every Shabbat (two lambs) 'On Shabbat offer two male lambs in their first year and without defect, with one gallon of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with olive oil, and its drink offering. Numbers 28:9
538 Positive To offer up an additional sacrifice every New Moon 'At each Rosh-Hodesh of yours, you are to present a burnt offering to Adonai consisting of two young bulls, one ram and seven male lambs in their first year and without defect; Numbers 28:11
539 Positive To bring an additional offering on Shavu'ot 'On the day of the firstfruits, when you bring a new grain offering to Adonai in your feast of Shavu`ot, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; but present a burnt offering as a fragrant aroma for Adonai, consisting of two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs in their first year, Numbers 28:26 - 27
540 Positive To offer up an additional sacrifice on Yom T'rooah (Rosh Hashanah) 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you. Prepare a burnt offering to make a fragrant aroma for Adonai one young bull, one ram and seven male lambs in their first year and without defect with their grain offering, consisting of fine flour mixed with olive oil six quarts for the bull, four quarts for the ram, and two quarts for each of the seven lambs also one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you. This is to be in addition to the burnt offering for Rosh-Hodesh with its grain offering, the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to the rule for them; this will be a fragrant aroma, an offering made by fire to Adonai. Numbers 29:1 - 6
541 Positive To offer up an additional sacrifice on Yom Kippur 'On the tenth day of this seventh month you are to have a holy convocation. You are to deny yourselves, and you are not to do any kind of work; but you are to present a burnt offering to Adonai to make a fragrant aroma: one young bull, one ram, and seven male lambs in their first year (they are to be without defect for you), Numbers 29:7 - 8
542 Positive To offer up an additional sacrifice on Sukkot 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you are to have a holy convocation. You are not to do any kind of ordinary work, and you are to observe a feast to Adonai seven days. You are to present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, bringing a fragrant aroma to Adonai. It is to consist of thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year (they are to be without defect), with their grain offering \emdash fine flour mixed with olive oil, six quarts for each of the thirteen bulls, four quarts for each of the two rams, and two quarts for each of the fourteen lambs; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. " 'On the second day you are to present twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and their drink offerings. " 'On the third day eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. " 'On the fourth day ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. " 'On the fifth day nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. " 'On the sixth day eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. " 'On the seventh day seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bulls, rams and lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offerings. Numbers 29:12 - 34
543 Positive To offer up an additional offering on Shemini Atzeret, which is a festival by itself 'On the eighth day you are to have a festive assembly: you are not to do any kind of ordinary work; but you are to present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, giving a fragrant aroma to Adonai \emdash one bull, one ram, seven male lambs in their first year, without defect; with the grain and drink offerings for the bull, the ram and the lambs, according to their number, in keeping with the rule; also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain and drink offerings. Numbers 29:35 - 38
574 Positive To carry out the ordinance of the Red Heifer so that its ashes will always be available A man who is clean is to collect the ashes of the heifer and store them outside the camp in a clean place. They are to be kept for the community of the people of Isra'el to prepare water for purification from sin. Numbers 19:9
575 Positive That a corpse defiles "Anyone who touches a corpse, no matter whose dead body it is, will be unclean for seven days. He must purify himself with [these ashes] on the third and seventh days; then he will be clean. But if he does not purify himself the third and seventh days, he will not be clean. Anyone who touches a corpse, no matter whose dead body it is, and does not purify himself has defiled the tabernacle of Adonai. That person will be cut off from Isra'el, because the water for purification was not sprinkled on him. He will be unclean; his uncleanness is still on him. "This is the law: when a person dies in a tent, everyone who enters the tent and everything in the tent will be unclean for seven days. Every open container without a cover closely attached is unclean. Also whoever is in an open field and touches a corpse, whether of someone killed by a weapon or of someone who died naturally, or the bone of a person, or a grave, will be unclean for seven days. Numbers 19:11 - 16
576 Positive That the waters of separation defile one who is clean, and cleanse the unclean from pollution by a dead body The clean person will sprinkle the unclean person on the third and seventh days. On the seventh day he will purify him; then he will wash his clothes and himself in water; and he will be clean at evening. The person who remains unclean and does not purify himself will be cut off from the community because he has defiled the sanctuary of Adonai. The water for purification has not been sprinkled on him; he is unclean. This is to be a permanent regulation for them. The person who sprinkles the water for purification is to wash his clothes. Whoever touches the water for purification will be unclean until evening. anything the unclean person touches will be unclean, and anyone who touches him will be unclean until evening." Numbers 19:19 - 22
588 Negative That a Nazarite shall not drink wine, or anything mixed with wine which tastes like wine; and even if the wine or the mixture has turned sour, it is prohibited to him "Tell the people of Isra'el, 'When either a man or a woman makes a special kind of vow, the vow of a nazir, consecrating himself to Adonai; he is to abstain from wine and other intoxicating liquor, he is not to drink vinegar from either source, he is not to drink grape juice, and he is not to eat grapes or raisins. Numbers 6:2 - 3
589 Negative That he shall not eat fresh grapes he is to abstain from wine and other intoxicating liquor, he is not to drink vinegar from either source, he is not to drink grape juice, and he is not to eat grapes or raisins. Numbers 6:3
590 Negative That he shall not eat dried grapes (raisins) he is to abstain from wine and other intoxicating liquor, he is not to drink vinegar from either source, he is not to drink grape juice, and he is not to eat grapes or raisins. Numbers 6:3
591 Negative That he shall not eat the kernels of the grapes As long as he remains a nazir he is to eat nothing derived from the grapevine, not even the grape-skins or the seeds. Numbers 6:4
592 Negative That he shall not eat of the skins of the grapes As long as he remains a nazir he is to eat nothing derived from the grapevine, not even the grape-skins or the seeds. Numbers 6:4
593 Positive That the Nazarite shall permit his hair to grow " 'Throughout the period of his vow as a nazir, he is not to shave his head. Until the end of the time for which he has consecrated himself to Adonai he is to be holy: he is to let the hair on his head grow long. Numbers 6:5
594 Negative That the Nazarite shall not cut his hair " 'Throughout the period of his vow as a nazir, he is not to shave his head. Until the end of the time for which he has consecrated himself to Adonai he is to be holy: he is to let the hair on his head grow long. Numbers 6:5
595 Negative That he shall not enter any covered structure where there is a dead body " 'Throughout the period for which he has consecrated himself to Adonai, he is not to approach a corpse. Numbers 6:6
596 Negative That a Nazarite shall not defile himself for any dead person (by being in the presence of the corpse) He is not to make himself unclean for his father, mother, brother or sister when they die, since his consecration to God is on his head. Numbers 6:7
597 Positive That the Nazarite shall shave his hair when he brings his offerings at the completion of the period of his Nazariteship, or within that period if he has become defiled " 'If someone next to him dies very suddenly, so that he defiles his consecrated head, then he is to shave his head on the day of his purification; he is to shave it on the seventh day. Numbers 6:9

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