"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

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A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

 
     
"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28
     

613 Mitzvot Listed by Category: Offerings Tithes and Taxes

The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.

Valid for Believers Today Can No Longer Be Followed Applies to Israel Specifically Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles Open for Debate

Given to Israel specifically to incorporate judicial structure for the nation, many of these instructions can be followed by believers today.

Number Type Description Commandment Scripture
402 Positive That an uncircumcised person shall not eat of the t'rumah (heave offering), and the same applies to other holy things. This rule is inferred from the law of the Passover offering, by similarity of phrase But if anyone has a slave he bought for money, when you have circumcised him, he may eat it. Neither a traveler nor a hired servant may eat it.

" 'No one who is not a cohen may eat anything holy, nor may a tenant or employee of a cohen eat anything holy.

Exodus 12:44 - 45; Leviticus 22:10
403 Negative Not to alter the order of separating the t'rumah and the tithes; the separation be in the order first-fruits at the beginning, then the t'rumah, then the first tithe, and last the second tithe "You are not to delay offering from your harvest of grain, olive oil or wine. "The firstborn of your sons you are to give to me. Exodus 22:28
404 Positive To give half a shekel every year (to the Sanctuary for provision of the public sacrifices) Everyone subject to the census is to pay as an offering to Adonai half a shekel [one-fifth of an ounce of silver] - by the standard of the sanctuary shekel (a shekel equals twenty gerahs). Exodus 30:13
405 Positive That a cohen who is unclean shall not eat of the t'rumah Tell them, 'Any descendant of yours through all your generations who approaches the holy things that the people of Isra'el consecrate to Adonai and is unclean will be cut off from before me; I am Adonai. " 'Any descendant of Aharon with tzara`at or a discharge is not to eat the holy things until he is clean. Anyone who has touched a person made unclean by a dead body, or who has had a seminal emission, Leviticus 22:3 - 4
406 Positive That a person who is not a cohen or the wife or unmarried daughter of a cohen shall not eat of the t'rumah " 'No one who is not a cohen may eat anything holy, nor may a tenant or employee of a cohen eat anything holy. Leviticus 22:10
407 Positive That a sojourner with a cohen or his hired servant shall not eat of the t'rumah " 'No one who is not a cohen may eat anything holy, nor may a tenant or employee of a cohen eat anything holy. Leviticus 22:10
408 Negative Not to eat tevel (something from which the t'rumah and tithe have not yet been separated) They are not to profane the holy things of the people of Isra'el that they have set apart for Adonai Leviticus 22:15
409 Positive To set apart the tithe of the produce (one tenth of the produce after taking out t'rumah) for the Levites " 'All the tenth given from the land, whether from planted seed or fruit from trees, belongs to Adonai; it is holy to Adonai.

because I have given to the L'vi'im as their inheritance the tenths of the produce which the people of Isra'el set aside as a gift for Adonai. This is why I have said to them that they are to have no inheritance among the people of Isra'el."

Leviticus 27:30; Numbers 18:24
410 Positive To tithe cattle " 'All the tenth from the herd or the flock, whatever passes under the shepherd's crook, the tenth one will be holy to Adonai. Leviticus 27:32
411 Negative Not to sell the tithe of the herd " 'All the tenth from the herd or the flock, whatever passes under the shepherd's crook, the tenth one will be holy to Adonai. The owner is not to inquire whether the animal is good or bad, and he cannot exchange it; if he does exchange it, both it and the one he substituted for it will be holy; it cannot be redeemed.' " Leviticus 27:32 - 33
412 Positive That the Levites shall set apart a tenth of the tithes, which they had received from the Israelites, and give it to the cohanim (called the t'rumah of the tithe) "Tell the L'vi'im, 'When you take from the people of Isra'el the tenth of the produce which I have given you from them as your inheritance, you are to set aside from it a gift for Adonai, one tenth of the tenth. Numbers 18:26
413 Negative Not to eat the second tithe of cereals outside Jerusalem "You are not to eat on your own property the tenth of your grain, new wine or olive oil [that you set aside for Adonai] , or the firstborn of your cattle or sheep, or any offering you have vowed, or your voluntary offering, or the offering from your hand. Deuteronomy 12:17
414 Negative Not to consume the second tithe of the vintage outside of Jerusalem "You are not to eat on your own property the tenth of your grain, new wine or olive oil [that you set aside for Adonai] , or the firstborn of your cattle or sheep, or any offering you have vowed, or your voluntary offering, or the offering from your hand. Deuteronomy 12:17
415 Negative Not to consume the second tithe of the oil outside of Jerusalem "You are not to eat on your own property the tenth of your grain, new wine or olive oil [that you set aside for Adonai] , or the firstborn of your cattle or sheep, or any offering you have vowed, or your voluntary offering, or the offering from your hand. Deuteronomy 12:17
416 Negative Not to forsake the Levites; but their gifts (dues) should be given to them, so that they might rejoice therewith on each and every festival. As long as you are living on your property, take care not to abandon the Levi. Deuteronomy 12:19
417 Positive To set apart the second tithe in the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical cycle to be eaten by its owner in Jerusalem "Every year you must take one tenth of everything your seed produces in the field, Deuteronomy 14:22
418 Positive To set apart the second tithe in the third and sixth year of the sabbatical cycle for the poor At the end of every three years you are to take all the tenths of your produce from that year and store it in your towns. Then the Levi, because he has no share or inheritance like yours, along with the foreigner, the orphan and the widow living in your towns, will come, eat and be satisfied - so that Adonai your God will bless you in everything your hands produce. Deuteronomy 14:28 - 29
419 Positive To give the cohen the due portions of the carcass of cattle "The cohanim will have the right to receive from the people, from those offering a sacrifice, whether ox or sheep, the shoulder, the jowls and the stomach. Deuteronomy 18:3
420 Positive To give the first of the fleece to the cohen You will also give him the firstfruits of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep. Deuteronomy 18:4
421 Positive To set apart t'rumah g'dolah (the great heave-offering, that is, a small portion of the grain, wine and oil) for the cohen You will also give him the firstfruits of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep. Deuteronomy 18:4
422 Negative Not to expend the proceeds of the second tithe on anything but food and drink I haven't eaten any of this food when mourning, I haven't put any of it aside when unclean, nor have I given any of it for the dead. I have listened to what Adonai my God has said, and I have done everything you ordered me to do. Deuteronomy 26:14
423 Negative Not to eat the Second Tithe, even in Jerusalem, in a state of uncleanness, until the tithe had been redeemed I haven't eaten any of this food when mourning, I haven't put any of it aside when unclean, nor have I given any of it for the dead. I have listened to what Adonai my God has said, and I have done everything you ordered me to do. Deuteronomy 26:14
424 Negative Not to eat the Second Tithe, when mourning I haven't eaten any of this food when mourning, I haven't put any of it aside when unclean, nor have I given any of it for the dead. I have listened to what Adonai my God has said, and I have done everything you ordered me to do. Deuteronomy 26:14
425 Positive To make the declaration, when bringing the second tithe to the Sanctuary you are to say, in the presence of Adonai your God, 'I have rid my house of the things set aside for God and given them to the Levi, the foreigner, the orphan and the widow, in keeping with every one of the mitzvot you gave me. I haven't disobeyed any of your mitzvot or forgotten them. Deuteronomy 26:13

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