"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland

 

A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

 
     
"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28
     

613 Mitzvot Listed by Category: Punishment and Restitution

The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.

Valid for Believers Today Can No Longer Be Followed Applies to Israel Specifically Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles Open for Debate

Given to Israel specifically to incorporate judicial structure for the nation, many of these instructions can be followed by believers today.

Number Type Description Commandment Scripture
285 Positive That the Court shall pass sentence of death by decapitation with the sword "If a person beats his male or female slave with a stick so severely that he dies, he is to be punished;

I will bring a sword against you which will execute the vengeance of the covenant. You will be huddled inside your cities, I will send sickness among you, and you will be handed over to the power of the enemy.

Exodus 21:20; Leviticus 26:25
286 Positive That the Court shall pass sentence of death by strangulation " 'If a man commits adultery with another man's wife, that is, with the wife of a fellow countryman, both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death. Leviticus 20:10
287 Positive That the Court shall pass sentence of death by burning with fire If a man marries a woman and her mother, it is depravity; they are to be put to death by fire, both he and they, so that there will not be depravity among you. Leviticus 20:14
288 Positive That the Court shall pass sentence of death by stoning you are to bring them both out to the gate of the city and stone them to death - the girl because she didn't cry out for help, there in the city, and the man because he has humiliated his neighbor's wife. In this way you will put an end to such wickedness among you. Deuteronomy 22:24
289 Positive To hang the dead body of one who has incurred that penalty "If someone has committed a capital crime and is put to death, then hung on a tree, Deuteronomy 21:22
290 Positive That the dead body of an executed criminal shall not remain hanging on the tree over night his body is not to remain all night on the tree, but you must bury him the same day, because a person who has been hanged has been cursed by God - so that you will not defile your land, which Adonai your God is giving you to inherit. Deuteronomy 21:23
291 Negative To inter the executed on the day of execution his body is not to remain all night on the tree, but you must bury him the same day, because a person who has been hanged has been cursed by God - so that you will not defile your land, which Adonai your God is giving you to inherit. Deuteronomy 21:23
292 Negative Not to accept ransom from a murderer Also, you are not to accept a ransom in lieu of the life of a murderer condemned to death; rather, he must be put to death. Numbers 35:31
293 Positive To exile one who committed accidental homicide and the community is to save the killer from the next-of-kin avenger. The community is to return him to the city of refuge to which he fled, and he is to live there until the cohen hagadol, who was anointed with the holy oil, dies. Numbers 35:25
294 Positive To establish six cities of refuge (for those who committed accidental homicide) Divide the territory of your land, which Adonai your God is having you inherit, into three parts; and prepare the roads, so that any killer can flee to these cities. Deuteronomy 19:3
295 Negative Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile Likewise, you are not to accept for someone who has fled to his city of refuge a ransom that would allow him to return to his land before the death of the cohen. Numbers 35:32
296 Positive To decapitate the heifer in the manner prescribed (in expiation of a murder on the road, the perpetrator of which remained undiscovered) The leaders of that town are to bring the heifer down to a vadi with a stream in it that never dries up, to a place that is neither plowed nor sown; and they are to break the cow's neck there in the vadi. Deuteronomy 21:4
297 Negative Not to plow nor sow the rough valley (in which a heifer's neck was broken) The leaders of that town are to bring the heifer down to a vadi with a stream in it that never dries up, to a place that is neither plowed nor sown; and they are to break the cow's neck there in the vadi. Deuteronomy 21:4
298 Positive To adjudge a thief to pay compensation or (in certain cases) suffer death "Whoever kidnaps someone must be put to death, regardless of whether he has already sold him or the person is found still in his possession.

"If someone steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he is to pay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.

"If a thief caught in the act of breaking in is beaten to death, it is not murder;

Exodus 21:16; 21:37; 22:1
299 Positive That he who inflicts a bodily injury shall pay monetary compensation "If two people fight, and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist, and the injured party doesn't die but is confined to his bed; \par \cf1 Exo 21:19\cf0 then, if he recovers enough to be able to walk around outside, even if with a cane, the attacker will be free of liability, except to compensate him for his loss of time and take responsibility for his care until his recovery is complete. Exodus 21:18 - 19
300 Positive To impose a penalty of fifty shekels upon the seducer (of an unbetrothed virgin) and enforce the other rules in connection with the case "If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. But if her father refuses to give her to him, he must pay a sum equivalent to the bride-price for virgins. Exodus 22:15 - 16
301 Positive That the violator (of an unbetrothed virgin) shall marry her "If a man comes upon a girl who is a virgin but who is not engaged, and he grabs her and has sexual relations with her, and they are caught in the act, then the man who had intercourse with her must give to the girl's father one-and-a-quarter pounds of silver shekels, and she will become his wife, because he humiliated her; he may not divorce her as long as he lives. Deuteronomy 22:28 - 29
302 Positive That one who has raped a damsel and has then (in accordance with the law) married her, may not divorce her then the man who had intercourse with her must give to the girl's father one-and-a-quarter pounds of silver shekels, and she will become his wife, because he humiliated her; he may not divorce her as long as he lives. Deuteronomy 22:29
303 Negative Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat They are to have the cities to live in, while their open land will be for their livestock, for growing crops and for all their animals. Numbers 35:3
304 Positive To punish the wicked by the infliction of stripes then, if the wicked one deserves to be flogged, the judge is to have him lie down and be flogged in his presence. The number of strokes is to be proportionate to his offense; Deuteronomy 25:2
305 Negative Not to exceed the statutory number of stripes laid on one who has incurred that punishment but the maximum number is forty. He is not to exceed this; if he goes over this limit and beats him more than this, your brother will be humiliated before your eyes. Deuteronomy 25:3
306 Negative Not to spare the offender, in imposing the prescribed penalties on one who has caused damage You are not to pity him. Rather, you must put an end to the shedding of innocent blood in Isra'el. Then things will go well with you. Deuteronomy 19:13
307 Positive To do unto false witnesses as they had purposed to do (to the accused) you are to do to him what he intended to do to his brother. In this way, you will put an end to such wickedness among you. Deuteronomy 19:19
308 Negative Not to punish any one who has committed an offense under duress You will do nothing to the girl, because she has done nothing deserving of death. The situation is like the case of the man who attacks his neighbor and kills him. Deuteronomy 22:26

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