613 Mitzvot Listed by Category: Vows, Oaths and Swearing
The challenge for believers in Yeshua today is knowing what instructions apply. Many have been taught that Torah is no longer valid for believers. What many fail to realize is that the New Covenant writtings don't contradict Torah but affirms it. Messiah Himself provides us with proper instruction in how we are to live. The basis of His teaching is Torah. Below is a key that will help to understand what instructions are valid today, what can't be done, what applies to the Jewish people only, whether in the land or not. There are some instructions that are open for debate.
|Valid for Believers Today||Can No Longer Be Followed||Applies to Israel Specifically||Applies to Israel - but can be followed by Gentiles||Open for Debate|
|203||Positive||That a man should fulfill whatever he has uttered||but if a vow passes your lips, you must take care to perform it according to what you voluntarily vowed to Adonai your God, what you promised in words spoken aloud.||Deuteronomy 23:24|
|204||Negative||Not to swear needlessly||You are not to use lightly the name of Adonai your God, because Adonai will not leave unpunished someone who uses his name lightly.||Exodus 20:7|
|205||Negative||Not to violate an oath or swear falsely||Do not swear by my name falsely, which would be profaning the name of your God; I am Adonai.||Leviticus 19:12|
|206||Positive||To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah||Then Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes of the people of Isra'el. He said, "Here is what Adonai has ordered: when a man makes a vow to Adonai or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do. "When a woman makes a vow to Adonai, formally obligating herself, while she is a minor living in her father's house; then, if her father has heard what she vowed or obligated herself to do and holds his peace, then all her vows remain binding \emdash every obligation she has bound herself to will stand. But if on the day her father hears it, he expresses his disapproval, then none of her vows or obligations she has bound herself to will stand; and Adonai will forgive her, because her father expressed his disapproval. "If, having made vows or rashly committed herself to an obligation, she gets married; and her husband hears but holds his peace with her on the day he learns of it, then her vows and obligations she has bound herself to will stand. But if her husband expresses his disapproval on the day he hears it, he will void the vow which is on her and the obligation to which she has bound herself; and Adonai will forgive her. "The vow of a widow, however, or of a divorcee, including everything to which she has obligated herself, will stand against her. "If a woman vowed in her husband's house or obligated herself with an oath; and her husband heard it but held his peace with her and did not express disapproval, then all her vows and obligations will stand. But if her husband makes them null and void on the day he hears them, then whatever she said, vows or binding obligation, will not stand; her husband has voided them; and Adonai will forgive her. Her husband may let every vow and every binding obligation stand, or he may void it. But if her husband entirely holds his peace with her day after day, then he confirms all her vows and obligations; he must let them stand, because he held his peace with her on the day he heard them. If he makes them null and void after he has heard them, then he will bear the consequent guilt." These are the laws which Adonai ordered Moshe between a man and his wife, and between a father and his daughter, if she is a minor living in her father's house.||Numbers 30:2 - 17|
|207||Negative||Not to break a vow||when a man makes a vow to Adonai or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do.||Numbers 30:3|
|208||Positive||To swear by His name truly||You are to fear Adonai your God, serve him, cling to him and swear by his name.||Deuteronomy 10:20|
|209||Negative||Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings||"When you make a vow to Adonai your God, you are not to delay in fulfilling it, for Adonai your God will certainly demand it of you, and your failure to do so will be your sin.||Deuteronomy 23:22|
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