"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland


A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28



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Pronouncing Explanatory Glossary

Format. Names of persons and places are printed in ordinary type, other terms in italics. All terms are Hebrew except where [A] indicates Aramaic, [Y] Yiddish, and [O] some other language. Usual English renderings are shown in parentheses, unless the usual ones are the same as the CJB ones or differ only by reason of apostrophes. The definition or explanation, if there is one, follows a dash. In the case of B’rit Hadashah names and terms, there is given at the end of each entry the book, chapter and verse of the B’rit Hadashah where the name or term first appears (see abbreviations below); a "+" means it appears in at least one subsequent verse; "f." or "ff." means it appears again only in the verse or verses immediately following. Tanakh names and terms are generally not explained, although translations are given where needed.

Pronunciation. Vowels are pronounced as boldfaced in the following words: father, aisle, bed, need, neigh, whey, marine (accented on last syllable) or invest (not accented), obey, rule. As for consonants, "ch" is pronounced as in Johann Sebastian Bach, and so is "kh"; "g" is always hard (give); other consonants are more or less as in English. The guttural stop alef is represented by an apostrophe (’) before a vowel, except at the beginning of a word (example: Natan’el is pronounced Natan’el and not Natanel). The stronger guttural stop ‘ayin (closer to the hard "g" sound) is represented by a reverse apostrophe (‘) before or after a vowel.

Dots separate syllables unless hyphens or apostrophes do the job already. Accented syllables are printed in boldface. Except where an asterisk (*) follows the word, the pronunciation shown for Hebrew and Aramaic is that used in Israel, where at least 90% of all words are accented on the last syllable; many of the exceptions, in which the next-to-last syllable is accented, end with "ch," with a vowel followed by "a," or with "e" in the last syllable. Ashkenazic (German and eastern European) pronunciations common in English-speaking countries often shift "a" sounds towards "o," turn some "t’s" into "s’s," and accent the next-to-last syllable where the Israelis accent the last, e.g., Shabbos instead of Shabbat.

Section xvI of the Introduction tells more about how to pronounce Hebrew.

An asterisk (*) means: See "Accentuation" paragraph on p. liii.

References to Books of the Bible. Books of the Tanakh are not abbreviated in the Glossary. The books of the B’rit Hadashah are abbreviated as follows:

Mt =  Mattityahu (Matthew)  Mk = Mark 1Ti = 1 Timothy
MJ Messianic Jews (Hebrews) Ac =  Acts  2Ti = 2 Timothy
1C = 1 Corinthians   Co = Colossians Ti = Titus
2C = 2 Corinthians  Pm = Philemon Ep = Ephesians
Pp = Philippians Ga = Galatians Ro = Romans
1K = 1 Kefa (1 Peter) 2K = 2 Kefa (2 Peter) Ya = Ya‘akov (James)
 1Y = 1 Yochanan (1 John) 2Y = 2 Yochanan (2 John) 3Y = 3 Yochanan (3 John)
 Rv = Revelation     


Note: The glossary provided is not a complete Hebrew thesaurus of terms, but related to the Complete Jewish Bible.

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