"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland


A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28



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Glossary - Keinan - Menachem

Kei•nan (Cainan)—great-grandson of Adam; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:37.

Kei•ni (Kenite, -s)

Ke•lach (Calah)

Ke•na•‘an (Canaan, Chanaan)—ancient name for the Land of Israel used at Mt 15:22 to identify the origin of the Gentile woman who approached Yeshua in the region of Tzor and Tzidon, and twice in an historical setting (Ac 7:11; 13:19); in the latter Sha’ul points out that God gave Kena‘an to the people of Israel as an inheritance. See more at Eretz-Yisra’el.

Ke•na•‘a•nah (Chenaanah)

Ke•na•‘a•ni, -nim (Canaanite, -s)

Ke•na•‘a•nit (Canaanite woman)



Ke•ni (Kenite)

Ke•ren-Ha•pukh (Keren-happuch)


ke•ruv (cherub)—see glossary entry at the plural, k’ru•vim.

Ke•sed (Chesed)


Ke•veh (Kue)

K’far-Ha•‘a•mo•nah (Cephar-ammonah)

K’far-Na•chum (Capernaum)—town on northwest shore of Lake Kinneret where Yeshua did much of his ministry. The name means "village of Nahum." Mt 4:13+.

K’fi•rah (Chephirah)

K’•hat (Kohath)

K’•ha•ti, -tim (Kohathite, -s)

K’•he•lah (Kehelathah)

Khim•ham (Chimham)

Ki•don (Chidon)

Kid•ron (Cedron)—valley east of the Old City of Yerushalayim, separating it from the Mount of Olives. Yn 18:1.

Kil•’av (Chileab)

Kil•mad (Chilmad)

Kil•yon (Chilion)

Kim•ham (Chimham)


Ki•nim (Kenites)

Kin•ne•ret, Lake—modern Israel’s name for the Sea of Galilee. The name or a variant is found seven times in the Tanakh, first at Numbers 34:11, where it is rendered in most English versions as "Chinnereth." Mt 4:18+.

Kin•n’•rot (Chinneroth)


Kir-Ha•re•set (Kir-hareseth)


Kir•yat-Ar•ba (Kirjath-arba)

Kir•yat-‘A•rim (Kirjath-arim)

Kir•ya•ta•yim (Kirjathaim)

Kir•yat-Ba•‘al (Kirjath-baal)

Kir•yat-Hu•tzot (Kirjath-huzoth)

Kir•yat-San•na (Kirjath-sannah)

Kir•yat-Se•fer (Kirjath-sepher)

Kir•yat-Ye•‘a•rim (Kirjath-jearim)

Kish—father of Israel’s first king, Sha’ul. Ac 13:21.



Kish•yon (Kishion)

Kis•lev (Chisleu)

Kis•lon (Chislon)

Kis•lot-Ta•vor (Chisloth-tabor)

Ki Ta•vo—Parashah 50; Deuteronomy 26:1–29:8(9)

Ki Te•tze—Parashah 49; Deuteronomy 21:10–25:19

Ki Tis•sa—Parashah 21; Exodus 30:11–34:35

Kit•lish (Kithlish)


Kit•ti•’im (Kittim)


Kiv•rot-Ha-Ta•’a•vah (Kibroth-hattaavah)

Kiv•tza•yim (Kibzaim)

Ki•yun (Chiun)

K’•lal (Chelal)

K’li•ta (Kelita)

K’lo•fah (Clopas, Cleopas, Cleophas)—Yeshua’s uncle-by-marriage Yn 19:25.

K’•luv (Chelub)

K’lu•vai (Chelubai)

K’•mosh (Chemosh)

K’mu•’el (Kemuel)

K’na•ni (Chenani)

K’nan•yah, -ya•hu (Chenaniah)

K’•nat (Kenath)

K’•naz (Kenaz)

K’ni•zi (Kenizzite)



Kol-Ho•zeh (Colhozeh)

Ko•la•yah (Kolaiah)

Ko•nan•yah, -ya•hu (Cononiah)

Ko•ni•ya•hu (Coniah)

Ko•rach (Korah, Core)—Levite who led rebellion against Moshe in the desert; God punished Korach by having the earth swallow him alive (Numbers 16; 26). Yd 11.

Ko •rach—Parashah 38; Numbers 16:1–18:32

Kor-‘A•shan (Corashan)

Ko•ra•zin (Chorazin)—city on the shore of Lake Kinneret two miles north of K’far-Nachum. Mt 11:21+.

kor•ban (corban)—sacrifice, i.e., an animal sacrifice, but Mark says it means "a gift to God." Mk 7:11.

Kor•chi, -chim (Korathite, -s; Korhite, -s)

Ko•re (Core)

Ko•resh (Cyrus)

Ko•sam (Cosam)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:28.

Kotz (Coz)

Koz•bi (Cozbi)

Ko•ze•va (Cozeba)

K’•ran (Cheran)

K’ri•ot (Kerioth)—town about twenty miles south of Yerushalayim. Home of Judas Iscariot (Y’hudah from K’riot; see glossary entry). Mt 10:4+.

k’ru•vim (cherubim, cherubims)—Heavenly creatures (angels) who guarded the way to the Tree of Life in Gan-‘Eden (Genesis 3:24), were described by Ezekiel as having four faces and four wings (Ezekiel 10:20–21), and were ridden by God (Psalm 18:11(10)); compare the "living beings" of Rv 4:6ff. The term also refers to the gold-overlaid wooden images of same, constructed in obedience to God’s command, which overshadowed the ark of the covenant in the tabernacle and in the temple. MJ 9:5.

K’•sa•lon (Chesalon)

K’•sil (Chesil)

K’su•lot (Chesulloth)

K’tu•rah (Keturah)

K’tuvim—Writings, the third of the three parts of the Tanakh (see glossary entry), consisting of the books of Psalms, Proverbs, Job, the Five Scrolls (Song of Songs, Ruth, Esther, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes), Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah and Chronicles.

K’tzi•‘ah (Kezia)

Kuf (Qoph)—19th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Kun (Chun)

Kush (Cun)

Ku•shan (Cushan)

Ku•shan-Rish•‘a•ta•yim (Cushan-rishathaim)

Ku•sha•ya•hu (Kushaiah)

Ku•shi (Cushi, Cushite)

Ku•tah (Cuthah)

Kuv (Chub)

Ku•za (Chuza) [A]—Herod’s finance minister. The name means "little jug." Lk 8:3.

K’•var (Chebar)

kvetch •ing [Y]—complaining, fretting, whining. Pp 2:14.

K’•ziv (Chezib)



Lach•mas (Lahmam)

Lach•mi (Lahmi)

La‘•dan (Laadan)



La•khish (Lachish)


La •med (Lamedh)—12th letter of Hebrew alphabet

La•pi•dot (Lapidoth)

La•van (Laban)

La•yish (Laish)


Le•chi (Lehi)

Lekh L’•kha—Parashah 3; Genesis 12:1–17:27

Le•mekh (Lamech)—father of Noach; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:36.

Le•sha (Lasha)



Levi (Levite), pl. L’vi’im—Temple worker. The Torah prescribes that the descendents of Levi would be priests and Levites. Lk 10:32+.

Le•vi—(1) Third son of the Patriarch Ya‘akov. MJ 7:5+. (2) The tribe of Israel descended from him. Rv 7:7. (3–4) Two ancestors of Yeshua. Lk 3:24, 29. (5) A disciple of Yeshua also known as Mattityahu. Mk 2:14+.

Le•vi ben-Chal•fai—Levi, the son of Alpheus; same as Levi #5 above. Mk 2:14+.

Le•vo•nah (Lebonah)

L’•ha•vim (Lehabim)

Lid•vir (Debir)

Lik’•chi (Likhi)

Li•lit (Lilith)

Liv•nah (Libnah)

Liv•ni (Libni)

Liv•ya•tan (Leviathan)

L’mu•’el (Lemuel)



Lo-D’•var (Lo-debar)

Lo-Ru•cha•mah (Lo-ruhamah)

Lot—Avraham’s nephew, saved from God’s destruction of S’dom. Lk 17:28+.


L’•tu•shim (Letushim)

Lu•chit (Luhith)

Lud (Lod, Lydda)—town in the plain northwest of Yerushalayim and east of what is now Tel Aviv and Yafo, near Ben-Gurion International Airport. Ac 9:32ff.


L•’u•mim (Leummim)

Lu•vim (Lubim)


L’•va•nah (Lebanah)

L’•va•non (Lebanon)

L’•va•’ot (Lebaoth)

L’•vi•’im (Levites)—see Levi glossary entry.


Ma•‘a•di•yah (Maadiah)


Ma•‘a•khah (Maachah, Maacah)

Ma•‘a•khat (Maacat)

Ma•‘a•kha•ti (Maachathite)

Ma•‘a•lei-A•du•mim (the ascent to Adummim)

Ma•‘a•rat (Maarath)

Ma•‘a•reh-Ge•va (Maareh-geba)

Ma•‘a•sai (Maasiai)

Ma•‘a•sei•yah , -ya•hu (Maaseiah)

Ma•‘atz (Maaz)

Ma•‘az•yah, -ya•hu (Maaziah)

Ma•cha•lat (Mahalath)

ma•cha•lat—a musical instruction

Ma•cha•na•yim (Mahanaim)

Ma•cha•neh-Dan (Mahaneh-dan)

Ma•chat (Maath)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:26.

Ma•cha•vim (Mahavites)


ma •cher [Y]—literally, "doer, maker." Someone zealous and active in a group, a "big wheel," but often with overtones of self-importance, hence a person who "throws his weight around," has "connections," is an "operator" or "fixer." 1K 5:3.


Mach•lah (Mahlah)

Mach•li (Mahli)

Mach•lon (Mahlon)

Ma•chol (Mahol)

Mach•se•yah (Mahseiah)

Mach•zi•’ot (Mahazioth)


Mad•ma•nah (Madmannah)

Mad•mein (Madmen)



Maf•tirlast few verses of Torah portion, read by Haftarah-reader before reading the Haftarah in the synagogue.

Ma•ga•dan—town on Lake Kinneret, perhaps same as Magdala. Mt 15:39.


Mag•da•la—town on Lake Kinneret, home of Mary Magdalene (see Miryam of Magdala). Mt 27:56+.


Ma•gog—Place from which Gog arises to make war against God’s people (Ezekiel 38–39). Rv 20:8.

Ma•gor-Mis•sa•viv (Magor-missabib)


Ma•ha•lal•’el (Mahalaleel, Maleleel)—between Adam and Noach in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:37.

Ma•her Sha•lal Hash Baz

Mah•rai (Mahari)

Ma•katz (Makaz)

Makh•ba•nai (Machbanai)

Mak’•he•lot (Makheloth)

Ma•khi (Machi)

Ma•khir (Machir)

Ma•khi•ri (Machirite)

Makh•nad•bai (Machnadebai)

Makh•pe•lah (Machpelah)


Mal•’ah (Melea)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:31.

Mal•’a•khi (Malachi)

Mal•kam (Malcham)

Mal•ki (Melchi)—two figures in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:24, 28.

Mal•ki•’el (Malchiel)

Mal•ki•’e•li (Malchielite)

Mal•ki•ram (Malchiram)

Mal•ki•shu•a (Malchishua)

Mal•ki-Tze•dek (Melchizedek, Melchisedec)–priest of El ‘Elyon ("the Most High God"), to whom Avraham avinu gave a tenth of the battle spoil (Genesis 14:18–20). In Psalm 110:4 he becomes the model for a new priesthood. The literal meaning of the name is, "My king is righteousness." MJ 5:6+.

Mal•ki•yah, -ya•hu (Malchiah)

Ma•lo•ti (Mallothi)

Ma•lukh (Malluch)


mam•zer—technically, the offspring of a sexual relationship between persons forbidden by the Torah to marry each other (e.g., uncle and niece), but usually translated "bastard." Like that word, it can be used as a strong insult. Yn 9:34; MJ 12:8.

man (manna)—bread God gave the people of Israel as they wandered forty years in the desert, named from the question they asked, "Man hu? [What is it?]"

Ma•na•chat (Manahath)

Ma•na•cha•ti (Manahathite)

Ma•nah (Menna, Menan)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:31.

ma•neh, pl. ma•nim—sum of money, 100 denarii (see glossary entry), about three months’ wages for an average worker. Usually rendered "pound." Lk 19:12 ff.

Ma•no•ach (Manoah)

Ma•‘okh (Maoch)




Ma•ra•na, ta! (Maranatha!) [A]—"Our Lord, come!"—1C 16:22.


ma•ror—bitter herbs, prescribed for the seder at Pesach (see glossary entries).

Ma•rot (Maroth)

Mars•na (Marsena)

Mar•ta (Martha) [A]—sister of Miryam #6 and El‘azar. The name means "lady." The masculine equivalent, mar ("lord"—see above, Marana, ta!) is used in modern Hebrew as the equivalent of English "Mr." Lk 10:38+.

Ma•sa (Massa)

Ma•sa• ‘ei—Parashah 43; Numbers 33:1–36:13



Ma•shi•ach (Messiah, Christ)—literally, "anointed," "an anointed one." Transliterated into English as "Messiah." Equivalent to Greek christos, which also means "anointed" and comes into English as "Christ." In the Tanakh, kings and cohanim were ordained by being anointed with olive oil (Exodus 30:30; 1 Samuel 15:1; Psalm 133). The CJB uses "Mashiach" to render Greek messias, which appears only twice (Yn 1:41; 4:25), and in four dramatic passages to render christos: Mt 16:16; Mk 8:29; 14:61; Lk 9:20.

mas•kil — an instructional poem.




Ma•tan•yah, -ya•hu (Mattaniah)

Ma•ta•tah (Mattatha)

Mat•nai (Mattenai)



Mat•tan (Matthan)—in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:15.


Mat•tan•yah, -ya•hu (Mattaniah)

Mat•tat (Matthat)—two figures in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:24, 29.

Mat•ta•tah (Mattatha)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:31.

Mat•tit•yah, -ya•hu (Matthew, Matthias, Mattathias)—(1) One of Yeshua’s twelve talmidim, author of one of the Gospels, also known as Levi (Mt 9:9+); usually rendered in English as "Matthew." (2) The twelfth emissary of Yeshua, replacing Y’hudah from K’riot (Ac 1:23, 26); usually rendered in English as "Matthias." (3–4) Two figures in Messianic genealogy (Lk 3:25, 26); usually rendered in English as "Mattathias."

Mat•tot—Parashah 42; Numbers 30:2(1)– 32:42

ma•tzah—unleavened bread. Plural ma•tzot. The "first day for matzah" would be the day on which, when evening comes, the Seder is held.

M’•chi•da (Mehida)

M’•chir (Mehir)

m’chi•tzah—divider which separates people into two groups, e.g., the partition separating men from women in an Orthodox synagogue. At Ep 2:14 it refers at least metaphorically to the fence which separates the inner parts of the Temple, where only Jews could enter, from the Court of the Gentiles. This m’chitzah, also called a soreg, was a stone partition about five feet high.

Me•cho•la•ti (Meholathite)

Me•chu•ya•’el (Mehujael)




Me•fa•‘at (Mephaath)

Me•gid•do*—see glossary entry at Har Megiddo.


Mei-Za•hav (Mezahab)

Meid•va (Medeba)

Mei•shakh (Meshach)


Me•lekh (Malchus, Melech)—slave of Kayafa the cohen gadol, the Hebrew word means "king." Yn 18:10.

Mem—13th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Me•mu•khan (Memucan)

Me•na•chem* (Manaen)—"who had been brought up with Herod the governor." The name means "comforter." Ac 13:1.