Glossary - Meni - Parush
menorah*lamp; the menorah in the Temple had seven branches. MJ 9:2; Rv 1:12+.
mentsh [Y]a good, reliable person; a real human being, energetic, moral and compassionate. 1C 16:13.
Meshelemyah, -yahu (Meshelemiah)
meshugga*crazy. Yn 10:20.
Metushelach (Methuselah, Mathusala)grandfather of Noach, in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:37.
midrashallegorical interpretation or homiletical application of a text. The hearer is expected to understand that the maker of the midrash is not expounding the plain meaning of the text but introducing his own ideas. Ga 4:24.
Midyan (Midian, Madian)desert region including parts of the Sinai Peninsula and what is now southern Jordan. Ac 7:29.
Midyani, -nim (Midianite, -s)
Migdal-Eder (tower of Edar)
Mikhael (Michael)a ruling angel ("archangel") described at Daniel 10:21 and 12:1 as watching out for the interests of the nation of Israel, and in the New Testament as the commander of the angels contending with the Adversary, Satan. Yd 9; Rv 12:7.
Mikhayah, -yahu (Michaiah)
MikketzParashah 10; Genesis 41:144:17
mikvehbath or pool with a flow of fresh water; used in Orthodox Judaism to this day for ritual purification. Ep 5:26, Ti 3:5.
minchahthe afternoon Temple sacrifice, which was accompanied by prayers. In todays Judaism the afternoon synagogue service is called minchah by way of commemoration. Ac 3:1; 10:30.
minyanquorum needed for certain public prayers; Orthodox Judaism sets it at ten men, while Conservative Judaism includes women. Ac 16:13.
Miryam (Mary, Miriam)(1) The original Miryam was the sister of Moshe, but she does not appear in the New Testament. (2) Mother of Yeshua the Messiah. Mt 1:16+. (3) Miryam from Magdala (see below). (4) Mother of Yaakov #7 and Yosef #8 (Yosi #2). Mt 27:56+. (5) Wife of Klofah. Yn 19:25. (6) Sister of Marta and Elazar in Beit-Anyah. Lk 10:39+. (7) Mother of Yochanan Mark. Ac 12:12. (8) A believer in Rome. Ro 16:6.
Miryam from Magdala; Miryam, called Magdalit (Mary Magdalene)talmidah of Yeshua from the town of Magdala (see glossary entry). Mt 27:56+.
MishpatimParashah 18; Exodus 21:124:18
mitz vah*, pl. mitzvotliterally: "command," "commandment"; more broadly: general principle for living, good deed. Mt 5:19+.
Mnasheh (Manasseh, Manasses)(1) Son of Yosef #1 and grandson of Yaakov #1. He does not appear in the New Testament, but the half-tribe of Israel named for him does. Rv 7:6. (2) A king of Yhudah; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:10.
Mne! Mne! Tkel ufarsinsee Daniel 5:2528 and footnote.
Moavi, -vim (Moabite, -s)
Moavit (Moabite woman)
Molekh (Moloch)false god worshipped in the ancient Near East. Ac 7:43.
Moshe* (Moses)(1) Deliverer of Israel from Egypt, agent through whom Israel received the Torah. Mt 8:4+. (2) In the time of Yeshua and after, the "seat of Moshe" was not only a metaphor for the authority of the Torah-teachers, but an actual chair on which they sat when they taught. An example, from the third century c.e., discovered in the ruins of Korazin (see glossary entry), is on display at the Israel Museum in Yerushalayim. Mt 23:2.
Motzaei-Shabbatliterally, the "going-out of the Sabbath," i.e., Saturday night. By biblical and Jewish reckoning days begin at sunset; so where the text tells us that the believers met on "the first day of the week." it means Saturday night, not Sunday. Ac 20:7; 1C 16:2.
Mrivat-Kadesh (Meribah in Kadesh)
MtzoraParashah 28; Leviticus 14:115:33
Naaman (Naaman)Syrian general healed of serious skin disease by God through the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 5). Lk 4:27.
Nachor (Nahor)grandfather of Avraham; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:34.
Nachshon (Nahshon, Naasson)ancestor of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:4; Lk 3:32.
Nachum (Nahum, Naum)in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:25.
Naftali (Naphtali, Nephthalim)(1) Tribe of Israel descended from a son of the Patriarch Yaakov. Rv 7:6. (2) The territory in Eretz-Yisrael assigned to that tribe (Joshua 1921). Mt 4:13ff.
Naggai (Nagge)in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:25.
Naim (Nain)town in the Galil where Yeshua raised a widows son from the dead. The name means "pleasant." Lk 7:11.
Nakdimon (Nicodemus)Parush, member of the Sanhedrin and "teacher in Israel." Though the name Nicodemus is Greek, it was hebraized to Nakdimon, and a well-known 1st-century Jerusalemite was named Nakdimon Ben-Gurion (Taanit 19b, Genesis Rabbah 42, etc.) Yn 3:1+.
NasoParashah 35; Numbers 4:217:89
Natan (Nathan)son of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:31.
Natanel (Nathanael)talmid of Yeshua. Yn 1:45+.
Natzeret (Nazareth)town in the Galil where Yeshua grew up and lived most of his life. Mt 2:23+.
Natzrati (Nazarene), pl. NatzratimIn regard to Mattityahu, the Tanakh nowhere says that the Messiah is to be called a Natzrati, but Isaiah 11:1 refers to him as a netzer ("branch, shoot"). Since Natzrati means "resident of Natzeret," the name Natzratim (followers of the man from Natzeret) is given to the Jewish followers of Yeshua. Thus Mattityahus "fulfillment" apparently involves a word play, although other explanations have been offered. The modern Hebrew word for "Christian" is Notzri, a variant of Natzrati. Mt 2:23; Ac 24:5.
nazir, nzirim (nazirite, -s)
Negev the south, the southern desert of Israel.
Neriin Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:27.
NeviimProphets, the second of the three parts of the Tanakh (see glossary entry), including the Early Prophets (the historical books), namely, Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings; and the Later Prophets, namely, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve "minor prophets."
nid dah*(1) menstrual uncleanness, (2) the time of same.
Ninveh (Nineveh, Nineve)capital of ancient Assyria where the prophet Yonah preached. Mt 12:41+.
Nisan1st month of the biblical year, 7th month of the modern Jewish year (in March-April)
NitzavimParashah 51; Deuteronomy 29:9(10)30:20
Noach (Noah)builder of the ark, survivor of the Flood and ancestor of all mankind since then (Genesis 511); in Messianic genealogy. Mt 24:37+.
No achParashah 2; Genesis 6:911:32
ntilat-yadayimceremonial hand-washing prescribed by the Oral Torah to be done before meals and at other times in order to be ritually pure; it continues to be a norm in Orthodox Judaism. Mt 15:2+.
Ntinim (Nethinim)Temple servants
nu [Y]a general-purpose word meaning variously, "Well?" "So?" "Indeed!" "I challenge you," or "If not that, then what?"with many possible inflections and overtones. Mt 11:9+.
nud nik [Y](1) a bore, (2) a pest, (3) both. Lk 18:5.
Nun14th letter of Hebrew alphabet
olahburnt offering, that which goes up
olam habathe world to come, the age to come. Mt 12:32+.
olam hazehthis world, this age. Mt 12:32+.
o mertwo-quart dry measure
Ovadyah, -yahu (Obadiah)
Oved (Obed)grandfather of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:5; Lk 3:32.
parashahTorah "portion" read in the synagogue on Shabbat or on a festival or fast day.
parokhetcurtain, specifically the one dividing the Especially Holy Place from the rest of the temple or tabernacle. There were actually two such prokhot (see MJ 9:3). The first separated the Holy Place from the outer court (Exodus 26:3637; 36:3738), whereas the second separated the Especially Holy Place from the Holy Place (Exodus 26:3133; 36:3536). The curtain covering the ark of the Torah in a modern synagogue is also called a parokhet. Mt 27:51+.
Parush (Pharisee)see Prushim, below.