"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland


A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28



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Glossary - Parvayim - Shilchi

Par•va•yim (Parvaim)

pa•sach—he passed over; see Pesach glossary entry.

Pa•sakh (Pasach)

Pas-Da•mim (Pas-dammim)

Pa•se•ach (Paseah)

Pash’•chur (Pashur)

Pat•ros (Pathros)

Pat•ru•sim (Pathrusim)


P’•dah•’el (Pedahel)

P’•dah•tzur (Pedahzur)

P’•da•yah (Pedaiah)

Peh (Pe)—17th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Pe•kach (Pekah)

Pe•leg (Phalec)—ancestor of Avraham; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:35.

Pe•let (Pelet, Peleth)

Pe•le-Yo•‘etz (wonderful counselor)—wonder of a counselor


Pe•retz (Perez, Phares)—grandson of the Patriarch Ya‘akov; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:3.

Pe•retz-‘U•za, -zah (Perez-uzza)

Pe •sach (Passover)—the feast which celebrates the Exodus of the Jewish nation from Egypt under the leadership of Moshe. It is, along with Shavu‘ot and Sukkot, one of the three pilgrim festivals when Jews were to come to Yerushalayim. Mt 26:2+.

Pe•‘ul•tai (Peulthai)

Pi-Ha•chi•rot (Pi-hahiroth)

Pi•khol (Pichol)

Pil•cha (Pileha)



Pin•chas (Phinehas)

Pin•chas—Parashah 41; Numbers 25:10–30:1(29:40)



Pir•‘a•ton (Pirathon)


Pi•shon (Pison)


Pi•tom (Pithom)

Pi•ton (Pithon)

Pi-Ve•set (Pibeseth)

P’•kach•yah (Pekahiah)

P’•kod (Pekod)

P’•ku•dei—Parashah 23; Exodus 38:21–40:38

P’•lal•yah (Pelaliah)

P’•lat•yah, -ya•hu (Pelatiah)

P’•la•yah (Pelaiah)

P’•le•shet (Palestina, Palestine)

P’•lish•ti, -tim (Philistines)

P’lo•ni (Pelonite)

P’nei-Ha•chi•rot (Pi-hahiroth)

P’ni-El (Peniel)

P’ni•nah (Peninnah)

P’nu•el (Phanuel)—father of Hannah, the aged widow who blessed Yeshua in the Temple. Lk 2:36.

Po•khe•ret-Ha•tzva•yim (Pochereth-hazzebaim)

P•‘or (Peor)

Po•ra•ta (Poratha)

Po•ti-Fe•ra (Potipherah)

Po•ti•far (Potiphar)

P’•res (Peres)

P’ri•da (Perida)

P’ru•da (Peruda)

P’ru•shim (Pharisees), sing. Parush—The P’rushim and Tz’dukim were the two main components of the religious establishment in Yeshua’s time. The P’rushim focussed on the Torah and what it requires of ordinary people, rather than on the temple ritual. When the temple was destroyed in 70 c.e., the P’rushim were in a position to develop their tradition into the basis for Jewish life everywhere; this tradition is the core of the Talmud and of modern religious Judaism. Mt 3:7+.

P’tach•yah (Petahiah)

P’•tor (Pethor)

P’tu•’el (Pethuel)

Pu•‘ah (Puah)

Pu•’ah (Puah)


Pu•ni (Punite)




Pu•rim—festival decreed by Mordekhai in the book of Ester to celebrate the victory of the Jews of Shushan over Haman’s evil plot.

Pu•ti (Puthites)


Pu•vah (Pua)


Ra•‘am•yah (Raamiah)


Rab•ba•ni—literally, "my great one," hence, "teacher." In the Mishna the title Rabban is given to Gamli’el (see glossary entry). Yn 20:16.

rab•bi—literally, "my great one," hence, a teacher. In modern Judaism a rabbi is someone ordained to determine halakhah (Jewish law), to judge, and to teach Torah. Still more recently, the term "rabbi" has come to mean a Jewish clergyman, i.e., a leader with congregational or community responsibilities. Mt 8:19+.

Ra•bit (Rabbith)

Ra•cham (Raham)

Ra•chav (Rahab, Rachab)—the prostitute in Yericho who hid the Israelite spies in the days of Y’hoshua; in Messianic genealogy (Joshua 2; 6). Mt 1:5+.

Ra•chel—wife of the Patriarch Ya‘akov, one of the four Mothers of Israel. Mt 2:18.

Ra•dai (Raddai)

Ra•fa (Rapha)

Ra•fah (Raphah)

Ra•fu (Raphu)

Ra•hav (Rahab)

Ra•kat (Rakkath)

Ra•khal (Rachal)

Ra•kon (Rakkon)

Ram (Aram)—ancestor of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:3–4.


Ra•mah—town in the vicinity of Yerushalayim, in the tribal portion allotted to Binyamin. Mt 2:18.


Ra‘•mat (Ramath)

Ra•ma•ta•yim (Arimathea, Arimathaea)—town in the foothills (sh’felah) northeast of Lud and northwest of Yerushalayim. Home of Yosef #9, who took Yeshua’s body and had it buried in his own tomb. Mt 27:57+.

Ra•ma•ta•yim-Tzo•fim (Ramathaim-zophim)

Ra•ma•ti (Ramathite)

Ra•mat-Le•chi (Ramath-lehi)

Ra•mot (Ramoth)

Ra•mot-Gil•‘ad (Ramoth-gilead)

Ra•mot-Mitz•peh (Ramoth-mizpeh)

Ram’•ses (Rameses)

Ram•yah (Ramiah)

Rav-Mag (Rab-mag)

Rav-Sa•ris (Rab-saris)

Rav-Sha•keh (Rab-shakeh)

Re•’a•yah (Reaiah)

Re•chav•‘am (Rehoboam, Roboam)—son of King Shlomo; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:7.

Re•chav•yah, •ya•hu (Rehabiah)

Re•chov (Rehob)

Re•cho•vot (Rehoboth)

Re•chum (Rehum)

Re•’eh—Parashah 47; Deuteronomy 11:26–16:17

Re•fach (Rephah)

Re•fa•’el (Rephael)

Re•fa•’im (Rephaim)

Re•fa•yah (Rephaiah)

Re•fi•dim (Rephidim)


Re•gem-Me•lekh (Regem-melech)


Rei•fan (Rephan, Remphan)—Babylonian god called Keivan in the Tanakh and corresponding to Saturn. Ac 7:43.

Rei•sha (Rhesa)—son of Z’rubavel; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:27.


Re•khah (Rechah)

Re•khav (Rechab)

Re•kha•vim (Rechabites)

Re•mal•yah, -ya•hu

Re•met (Remeth)


Resh—20th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Re•shef (Resheph)

Re•tzef (Rezeph)

Re•tzin (Rezin)

Re•‘u (Reu, Ragau)—ancestor of Avra-ham; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:35.



Re•’u•ven (Reuben)—tribe of Israel named after the first son of the Patriarch Ya‘akov. Rv 7:5.

Re•’u•ve•ni (Reubenite)

Re•va (Reba)

Re•zon (Rezon)

Ri•fat (Riphath)


Rim•mon-Pe•retz (Rimmon-perez)

Ri•nah (Rinnah)


Rit•mah (Rithmah)

Ritz•pah (Rizpah)

Ritz•ya (Rizia)

Ri•vai (Ribai)

Riv•kah (Rebecca)—wife of the Patriarch Yitz’chak, one of the four Mothers of Israel. Ro 9:10.

Riv•lah (Riblah)


Rog•lim (Rogelim)



Rosh-Ho•desh—the festival, observed to this day in Judaism, celebrating the beginning of each Jewish lunar month. Co 2:16.

Ru •ach Ha•Ko•desh—the Holy Spirit, referred to four times in the Tanakh as such, and many times as the Spirit of God. Mt 1:18+.

Ru•cha•mah (Ruhamah)


Rut (Ruth)—Moabite woman who joined the Jewish people, became the wife of Bo‘az and was the great-grandmother of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:5.

Saf (Saph)

Sa•khar (Sacar)

Sa•lai (Sallai)

Sal•khah (Salchah)



Sal•mon—ancestor of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:4–5; Lk 3:32.


Sa •mekh—15th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Sam•gar-N’•vo (Samgar-nebo)


San•che•riv (Sennacherib)

san•hed•rin—Jewish religious court. Lower sanhedrins had 3 or 23 judges; the high Sanhedrin in Yerushalayim had 70. Mt 5:22+.

San•sa•nah (Sansannah)

San•va•lat (Sanballat)

Sa•raf (Saraph)

Sa•rah (Sara)—wife of Avraham, first of the four Mothers of Israel. Ro 4:19+.


Sar•di (Sardite)

Sar•’e•tzer (Sharezer)



Sar•s’•khim (Sarsechim)

Sa•tan—literally, "the Adversary," i.e., Satan, the Devil. In the Tanakh he is described specifically at Job 1–2 and by implication in Isaiah 14:11–15 and Ezekiel 28. Mt 4:10+.

Sav•ta (Sabta)

Sav•t’•kha (Sabtechah)

S’dom (Sodom, Sodoma)—city near the Dead Sea destroyed by God (Genesis 19). Mt 10:15+.

Se •der—the ceremonial evening meal with which Pesach begins in Jewish homes. Mt 26:17+.

se •khel—intelligence, common sense, "smarts." Lk 16:8.

S’•guv (Segub)


Se•‘i•rah (Seirath)

Se•khu (Sechu)


se •lah—pause in the music accompanying a psalm or prayer

Se•la-Ha•mach•le•kot (Sela-hammahlekoth)



Se•rach (Serah)


S’•far (Sephar)

S’•fa•rad (Sepharad)

S’•far•va•yim (Sepharvayim)

S’•far•vim (Sepharvite)

Sha•‘af (Shaaph)

Sha•‘a•la•bin (Shaalabbin)



Sha•‘al•vim (Shaalbim)

Sha•‘al•vo•ni (Shaalbonite)

Sha•‘a•ra•yim (Shaaraim)


Shab•bat, pl. Shab•ba•tot—Sabbath. Mt 12:1+.

Shab•tai (Shabbethai)

Sha•cha•ra•yim (Shaharaim)

Sha•cha•tzimah (Shahazimah)

Shad•daithe Almighty, a name of God

Shad•rakh (Shadrach)

Sha•fam (Shapham)

Sha•fan (Shaphan)

Sha•fat (Shaphat)

Sha•geh (Shage)

sha•ked—almond tree

Sh’•al (Sheal)

Sha•lem (Salem, Salim)—(1) Place near Einayim. Yn 3:23. (2) Yerushalayim; see Psalm 76:3(2). MJ 7:1–2.

Sha•li•shah (Shalisha)

Shal•le•khet (Shallecheth)



sha•lom—peace, tranquillity, safety, well-being, welfare, health, contentment, success, comfort, wholeness and integrity. "Shalom!" is a common greeting. Mt 10:12+.

Sha•lom a•lei•khem!"Peace be upon you (plural)!" A common greeting. Mt 10:12+.

Sha•lom rav!—Abundant peace! (a greeting)

Sh•’al•ti•el (Shealtiel, Salathiel)—father of Z’rubavel; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:12; Lk 3:27.

Sha•lum (Shallum)

Sha•lun (Shallun)


Sha•ma (Shamma)

Sha•mai (Shammai)


Sham•hut (Shamhuth)



sham•mash, pl. sham•ma•shim—attendant, servant, caretaker, deacon. Lk 4:20+.

Sham•sh’•rai (Shamsherai)

Sha•mu•a (Shammua)

Shap•pi•rah (Sapphira)—person who conspired to lie to the Holy Spirit. Ac 5:1+.



sha•rav—hot dry wind which blows over the Land of Israel from the deserts to the east in the spring and fall. In modern Israel it is also known by its Arabic name, hamsin ("fifty"), which refers to the fifty days between Pesach and Shavu‘ot, the most common season for such weather. Ya 1:11.

Shar•’e•tzer (Sharezer)

Sh•’a•rim (Shaarim)

Sha•ron, the—one of the four major geographical regions of Israel, namely, the low-lying plain near the Mediterranean Sea. The other three, which also parallel the coast, are, from west to east, the Sh’felah (foothills), the hill country of Y’hudah and Shomron, and the Yarden Valley-Dead Sea rift. Ac 9:35.

Sha•ru•chen (Sharuhen)

Sh•‘ar•yah (Sheariah)

Sh•’ar Ya•shuv (Shear-jashub)



Sha•’ul (Saul)—"also known as Paul" (Ac 13:9). Yeshua the Messiah’s emissary to the Gentile world, who presented Israel’s New Covenant faith in God and his Messiah in a way that does not require Gentiles to convert to Judaism. Ac 7:58+ Named for Sha•’ul Ben-Kish (Saul the son of Kish), Israel’s first king. Ac 13:21.

Sha•’u•li (Shaulite)


Sha•veh-Kir•ya•ta•yim (Shaveh-kiriathaim)


Sha•vu•‘ot—the Feast of Weeks, since it comes seven weeks after Passover; also called Pentecost (from Greek pentekostos, "fifty"), since one counts 50 days after Passover. One of the three regalim ("pilgrim festivals") when Jews were expected to celebrate before God in Yerushalayim; the other two are Pesach and Sukkot. Ac 2:1+.

Sh’•char•yah (Shehariah)

Sh’•de•’ur (Shedeur)


Shee•tim (Shittim)

sh•’ei•lah, pl. sh•’ei•lot—question. In Judaism a technical term meaning a question about halakhah (Jewish law) or some other aspect of the Bible or Jewish tradition. Mt 22:23+.

she •kel—a weight, variously from three to six tenths of an ounce. In Yeshua’s day the half-shekel was rarely coined, so that two people could pay the Temple tax (see Exodus 30:11ff.) with a silver shekel coin. Mt 17:24.

She•lach (Shelah)

She•lah (Sala)—ancestor of Avraham; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:35.

She•la•ni (Shelanite)

She•lef (Sheleph)

She•lem•yah, -ya•hu (Shelemiah)


Shem (Sem)—son of Noach; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:36.




Shem•’e•ver (Shemeber)


Shen•’a•tzar (Shenazar)


She•rev•yah (Sherebiah)


She•shakh (Sheshach)


Shesh•ba•tzar (Sheshbazzar)

Shet (Seth)—son of Adam; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:38.

She•tar (Shethar)

She•va (Sheba)

She•ver (Sheber)

Shev•na (Shebna)

Shev•nah (Shebnah)

Sh’•fam (Shepham)

Sh’fat•yah, -ya•hu (Shephatiah)

Sh’fe•lah—foothill region of Eretz-Yisra’el; see Sharon glossary entry.

Sh’•fi (Shephi)

Sh’•fo (Shepho)

Sh’fu•fam (Shephupham)

Sh’fu•fan (Shephuphan)

Shib•bo•let (Shibboleth)

Shi•chor (Shihor)

Shi•chor-Liv•nat (Shihor-libnath)

Shif•‘i (Shiphi)

Shif•mi (Shiphmi)

Shif•rah (Shiphrah)

Shif•tan (Shiphtan)

shig•ga•yon, pl. shig•yo•no—(1) a meditative poem, (2) a musical instrument

Shikh•mi (Shechemites)

Shik•ron (Shicron)

Shil•chi (Shilhi)