passed over; see Pesach glossary entry.
(Pe)17th letter of Hebrew alphabet
(Phalec)ancestor of Avraham; in Messianic
genealogy. Lk 3:35.
(wonderful counselor)wonder of a counselor
(Perez, Phares)grandson of the Patriarch
Yaakov; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:3.
sach (Passover)the feast which
celebrates the Exodus of the Jewish nation from Egypt
under the leadership of Moshe. It is, along with Shavuot
and Sukkot, one of the three pilgrim festivals
when Jews were to come to Yerushalayim. Mt 26:2+.
41; Numbers 25:1030:1(29:40)
23; Exodus 38:2140:38
(Phanuel)father of Hannah, the aged widow who
blessed Yeshua in the Temple. Lk 2:36.
(Pharisees), sing. ParushThe Prushim
and Tzdukim were the two main components
of the religious establishment in Yeshuas time.
The Prushim focussed on the Torah
and what it requires of ordinary people, rather than
on the temple ritual. When the temple was destroyed
in 70 c.e., the Prushim were in a
position to develop their tradition into the basis
for Jewish life everywhere; this tradition is the
core of the Talmud and of modern religious
Judaism. Mt 3:7+.
decreed by Mordekhai in the book of Ester to
celebrate the victory of the Jews of Shushan over
Hamans evil plot.
"my great one," hence, "teacher."
In the Mishna the title Rabban is given
to Gamliel (see glossary entry). Yn 20:16.
"my great one," hence, a teacher. In modern
Judaism a rabbi is someone ordained to determine halakhah
(Jewish law), to judge, and to teach Torah.
Still more recently, the term "rabbi" has
come to mean a Jewish clergyman, i.e., a leader with
congregational or community responsibilities. Mt
(Rahab, Rachab)the prostitute in Yericho who
hid the Israelite spies in the days of Yhoshua;
in Messianic genealogy (Joshua 2; 6). Mt 1:5+.
of the Patriarch Yaakov, one of the four
Mothers of Israel. Mt 2:18.
(Aram)ancestor of King David; in Messianic
genealogy. Mt 1:34.
in the vicinity of Yerushalayim, in the tribal
portion allotted to Binyamin. Mt 2:18.
(Arimathea, Arimathaea)town in the foothills (shfelah)
northeast of Lud and northwest of Yerushalayim. Home
of Yosef #9, who took Yeshuas body and had it
buried in his own tomb. Mt 27:57+.
(Rehoboam, Roboam)son of King Shlomo; in
Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:7.
47; Deuteronomy 11:2616:17
(Rephan, Remphan)Babylonian god called Keivan
in the Tanakh and corresponding to Saturn. Ac
(Rhesa)son of Zrubavel; in Messianic
genealogy. Lk 3:27.
letter of Hebrew alphabet
(Reu, Ragau)ancestor of Avra-ham; in Messianic
genealogy. Lk 3:35.
(Reuben)tribe of Israel named after the first
son of the Patriarch Yaakov. Rv 7:5.
(Rebecca)wife of the Patriarch Yitzchak,
one of the four Mothers of Israel. Ro 9:10.
festival, observed to this day in Judaism,
celebrating the beginning of each Jewish lunar month.
Holy Spirit, referred to four times in the Tanakh
as such, and many times as the Spirit of God. Mt
(Ruth)Moabite woman who joined the Jewish
people, became the wife of Boaz and was the
great-grandmother of King David; in Messianic
genealogy. Mt 1:5.
of King David; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:45;
mekh15th letter of Hebrew alphabet
religious court. Lower sanhedrins had 3 or 23
judges; the high Sanhedrin in Yerushalayim had
70. Mt 5:22+.
(Sara)wife of Avraham, first of the four
Mothers of Israel. Ro 4:19+.
"the Adversary," i.e., Satan, the Devil. In
the Tanakh he is described specifically at Job
12 and by implication in Isaiah 14:1115
and Ezekiel 28. Mt 4:10+.
(Sodom, Sodoma)city near the Dead Sea destroyed
by God (Genesis 19). Mt 10:15+.
derthe ceremonial evening meal with
which Pesach begins in Jewish homes. Mt
khelintelligence, common sense,
"smarts." Lk 16:8.
lahpause in the music accompanying a
psalm or prayer
Almighty, a name of God
(Salem, Salim)(1) Place near Einayim. Yn 3:23.
(2) Yerushalayim; see Psalm 76:3(2). MJ 7:12.
tranquillity, safety, well-being, welfare, health,
contentment, success, comfort, wholeness and
integrity. "Shalom!" is a common
greeting. Mt 10:12+.
be upon you (plural)!" A common greeting. Mt
rav!Abundant peace! (a greeting)
(Shealtiel, Salathiel)father of Zrubavel;
in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:12; Lk 3:27.
servant, caretaker, deacon. Lk 4:20+.
(Sapphira)person who conspired to lie to the
Holy Spirit. Ac 5:1+.
dry wind which blows over the Land of Israel from the
deserts to the east in the spring and fall. In modern
Israel it is also known by its Arabic name, hamsin
("fifty"), which refers to the fifty days
between Pesach and Shavuot, the
most common season for such weather. Ya 1:11.
theone of the four major geographical regions
of Israel, namely, the low-lying plain near the
Mediterranean Sea. The other three, which also
parallel the coast, are, from west to east, the
Shfelah (foothills), the hill country of
Yhudah and Shomron, and the Yarden Valley-Dead
Sea rift. Ac 9:35.
(Saul)"also known as Paul" (Ac 13:9).
Yeshua the Messiahs emissary to the Gentile
world, who presented Israels New Covenant faith
in God and his Messiah in a way that does not require
Gentiles to convert to Judaism. Ac 7:58+ Named for
Shaul Ben-Kish (Saul the
son of Kish), Israels first king. Ac 13:21.
Feast of Weeks, since it comes seven weeks after
Passover; also called Pentecost (from Greek pentekostos,
"fifty"), since one counts 50
days after Passover. One of the three regalim
("pilgrim festivals") when Jews were
expected to celebrate before God in Yerushalayim; the
other two are Pesach and Sukkot. Ac
In Judaism a technical term meaning a question about halakhah
(Jewish law) or some other aspect of the Bible or
Jewish tradition. Mt 22:23+.
kela weight, variously from three to
six tenths of an ounce. In Yeshuas day the
half-shekel was rarely coined, so that two
people could pay the Temple tax (see Exodus 30:11ff.)
with a silver shekel coin. Mt 17:24.
(Sala)ancestor of Avraham; in Messianic
genealogy. Lk 3:35.
Shem (Sem)son of
Noach; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:36.
of Adam; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:38.
region of Eretz-Yisrael; see Sharon
a meditative poem, (2) a musical instrument