"Don't think that I have come to abolish the Torah or the Prophets. I have come not to abolish but to complete."  Matthew 5:17

Kehilah Portland


A Messianic Jewish Synagogue

"For I will take you from among the nations, gather you from all the countries, and return you to your own soil. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your uncleanness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit inside you; I will take the stony heart out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit inside you and cause you to live by my laws, respect my rulings and obey them. You will live in the land I gave to your ancestors. You will be my people, and I will be your God." Ezekiel 36:24 - 28



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Glossary - Shilchim - Tza’anan

Shil•chim (Shilhim)

Shil•lem (Shillem)

Shil•le•mi (Shillemite)

Shi•lo•ach (Siloam)—(1) A tower. Lk 13:4. (2) A pool near the city walls of Yerushalayim. The word shiloach means "aqueduct" (from the root sh-l-ch, "send"); the aqueduct, dug when Hizkiyahu was king of Y’hudah in the eighth century b.c.e., sent water from the Gichon Spring to the pool at Shiloach. One can still walk through a tunnel which formed part of the aqueduct. Yn 9:7ff.

Shi•loh—to whom it belongs; also a place-name.

Shi•lo•ni (Shilonite)


Shim•‘a (Shimea)

Shim•’ah (Shimeah)

Shim•‘ah (Shimeah)

Shim•’am (Shimeam)

Shim•‘at (Shimeath)

Shim•‘a•tim (Shimeathites)

Shim•‘i (Shimei, Semein)—in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:26.


Shim•‘on (Simon, Simeon)—(1) Tribe of Israel descended from the second son of Ya‘akov. Rv 7:7. (2) Old man who blessed Yeshua in the Temple. Lk 2:25ff. (3) Ancestor of Yeshua the Messiah. Lk 3:30. (4) Shim‘on Bar-Yochanan (Simon, son of John; Simon Barjona)—Shim‘on Kefa (see below). (5) Another of Yeshua’s talmidim, known as Shim‘on the Zealot, i.e., a member of the party set on revolt against the Roman conquerors. Mt 10:4+. (6) Brother of Yeshua. Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3. (7) Person in Beit-Anyah who had had a skin disease. Mt 26:6+. (8) Cyrenian compelled to carry Yeshua’s execution-stake. Mt 27:32+. (9) Parush in whose house Yeshua ate. Lk 7:40ff. (10) Father of Y’hudah from K’riot. Yn 6:71+. (11) Sorcerer in Shomron. Ac 8:9ff. (12) Tanner in Yafo with whom Kefa lodged. Ac 9:43+. (13) Follower of Yeshua and prophet in Antioch, called "the Black." Ac 13:1.

Shim•‘o•ni (Simeonites)

Shim•‘on Ke•fa (Simon Peter)—one of the twelve emissaries of Yeshua (see Kefa). Mt 4:18+.

Shim•rat (Shimrath)


Shim•rit (Shimrith)


Shim•ron-M’•ron (Shimron-meron)

Shim•ro•ni (Shimronite)


Shim•shon (Samson)—a judge of Israel (Judges 13–16). MJ 11:32.

Shin—21st letter of Hebrew alphabet


Shin•’av (Shinab)

Shir•tai (Shitrai)



Shiv•‘ah (Shibah)

shiv •‘ah*—literally, "seven." After the burial of a father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter or spouse a Jewish mourner remains at home for seven days; this custom is called "sitting shiv‘ah." Yn 11:20.


Sh’•khan•yah, -ya•hu (Shechaniah)

Sh•’khem (Shechem, Sychem, Sychar)—city in the mountains of Shomron, on the southeast edge of modern Nablus (Neapolis). Yn 4:5+.

Sh’khi•nah—Divine Presence, the manifest glory of God present with men. Lk 2:9+.

Shlach L’•kha—Parashah 37; Numbers 13:1–15:41

Shlo•mi (Shelomi)

Shlo•mit (Shelomith, Salome)—talmidah of Yeshua. Mk 15:40+.

Shlo•mo* (Solomon)—king of Israel; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:6+.

Shlo•mot (Shelomoth)

Shlu•mi•’el (Shelumiel)

Sh’ma Yis•ra•‘el, A•do•nai E•lo•hei•nu, A•do•nai e•chad—"Hear, O Isra’el, the LORD (Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh) your God, the LORD is one" (Deuteronomy 6:4), the central affirmation of Judaism both then and now. Together with the next verse of Deuteronomy, which enjoins loving God with everything one is and has, Yeshua called this the most important mitzvah in the Torah. Mk 12:29.

Sh’ma-yah, Sh’ma‘ yah (Shemaiah)

Sh’mar-yah (Shemariah)

Sh’mi•da (Shemidah)

Sh’mi•ni—Parashah 26; Leviticus 9:1–11:47

sh’mi•nit—low-pitched music?

sh’mit•tah—release. Debtors are released from their debts every seven years (Deuteronomy 15).

shmoose [Y]—engage in friendly gossipy chit-chat. The word is derived from Hebrew shmu’ot, "things heard, rumors." Lk 10:4.

Sh’•mot—Parashah 13; Exodus 1:1–6:1

Sh’mu•’el (Samuel)—prophet in the days of Kings Sha’ul and David. Ac 3:24+.


Sho•fakh (Shophach)

sho• far*—ram’s horn; often rendered as "trumpet." Mt 24:31+.

Shof’•tim—Parashah 48; Deuteronomy 16:18–21:9



Sh’•ol (Sheol, Hades, hell)—the place of the dead, according to the Tanakh. Mt 11:23+.


Shom•ron (Samaria)—region of Eretz-Yisra’el in the hill country north of Yerushalayim and south of the Galil. The Samaritans, a mixed ethnic group descended from Jews deported by the Assyrians in the 8th century b.c.e. and other peoples ruled by the Assyrians, followed a religion combining pagan and Jewish elements. According to the book of Nehemiah in the Tanakh, they arrayed themselves against those rebuilding Yerushalayim. By the first century most Jews regarded them as pariahs. Mt 10:5+.

Shom•ro•nim (Samaritans)

Sho•sha•nah (Susanna)—a follower of Yeshua. The name means "lily" or "rose." Lk 8:3.

Sho•vai (Shobai)

Sho•vakh (Shobach)

Sho•val (Shobal)

Sho•vav (Shobab)

Sho•vek (Shobek)

Sho•vi (Shobi)


Shu•ach (Shuah)


Shu•chah (Shuhah)

Shu•cham (Shuham)

Shu•cha•mi (Shuhamite)

Shu•chi (Shuhite)

Shu•fa•mi (Shuphamite)

girl from Shu•lam (Shulammite)

Shu•ma•ti (Shumathite)

Shu•na•mit (Shunammite)



Shu•pim (Shuppim)



Shu•shan’•ka•yim (Shushanchites)

Shu•tal•chi (Shutalhite)

Shu•te•lach (Shutelah)

Sh’•va (Sheba)

Sh’van•yah, -ya•hu (Shebaniah)

Sh’va•rim (Shebarim)

Sh’•vat (Shebat)— 11th month of the biblical year, 5th month of the modern Jewish year (in January–February).




Sib•khai (Sibbecai)


Sib•ra•yim (Sibraim)

Si•chon (Sihon)


Sif•mot (Siphmoth)


Si•la (Silas)—co-worker with Sha’ul. Ac 15:22+.

Si•nai (Sina)—mountain in the desert between Egypt and Eretz-Yisra’el where Israel received the Torah from God through Moshe. Ac 7:30+.

Si•ni, -nim (Sinite, -s)

Si•pai (Sippai)


Sir•yon (Sirion)

Sis•mai (Sisamai)

Sis•ra (Sisera)


Sit•ri (Sithri)

Si•van—3rd month of the biblical year, 9th month of the modern Jewish year (in May–June).

Siv•mah (Sibmah)

S’kha•khah (Secacah)

S’makh•ya•hu (Semachiah)

s’mi•khah—laying on of hands, hence ordination, grant of authority. Mt 21:23+.

S’na•’ah (Senaah)

S’•nir (Senir)


So•fe•ret (Sopheret)

So•kho, -khoh (Socoh)

Sokh•ya (Shachia)


S•‘o•rim (Seorim)


s’ra•fim (seraphim)—a class of angelic beings, like the k’ruvim (see glossary entry)

S’ra•yah, -ya•hu (Seraiah)

S’•rug (Serug, Saruch)—ancestor of Avraham; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:35.

S’•tur (Sethur)

Su•ach (Suah)

Suf (Suph)

Su•fah (Suphah)

Su•kha•tim (Suchathites)

Su•ki•’im (Sukiims)

Suk•kot (Succoth)—the feast of Booths (Tabernacles), celebrating the forty years when the people of Israel lived in suk•kot (booths, tents, shacks; singular suk•kah) in the desert between Egypt and Eretz-Yisra’el. It is one of three pilgrim festivals when Jews were expected to go up to Yerushalayim in Y’hudah. Yn 7:2.

Suk•kot-B’•not (Succoth-benoth)



S’•va (Seba)

S’•vam (Sebam)

S’•ve•nah (Seveneh)

Ta•‘a•nakh (Taanach)

Ta•’a•nat-Shi•loh (Taanath-shiloh)

Ta•ba•‘ot (Tabbaoth)

Ta•bat (Tabbath)

Ta•chan (Tahan)

Ta•cha•ni (Tahanite)

Ta•chash (Tahash)

Ta•chat (Tahat)

Tach’•k’•mo•ni (Tachmonite)

Tach•pan•ches (Tahapanes)

Tach•p’•neis (Tahpenes)

Tach•tim-Hod•shi (Tahtim-hodshi)

Tad•dai (Thaddeus, Thaddaeus)—one of the twelve emissaries of Yeshua. Mt 10:3+.


Ta•fat (Taphath)

talent [O]—a weight variously between 60 and 100 pounds. A talent of gold would be worth around $300,000 at the current price of $300/ounce. Mt 25:15+.

ta•li•ta, ku•mi! [A]—Little girl, get up! The word talita, being the feminine form of the word for "lamb," is therefore an affectionate diminutive (compare English "lambikin"). Mk 5:41.

Tal•mai—Hebrew form of Egyptian ptolemy, the name given to Egyptian kings during the centuries before Yeshua. In the New Testament the name is found in the form Bar-Talmai (Bartholomew), "son of ptolemy." Mt 10:3+.

tal•mid, fem. tal•mi•dah, pl. tal•mi•dim—disciple, student. The relationship between a talmid and his rabbi was very close: not only did the talmid learn facts, reasoning processes and how to perform religious practices from his rabbi, but he regarded him as an example to be imitated in conduct and character (see Mt 10:24–25; Lk 6:40; Yn 13:13–15; 1C 11:1). The rabbi, in turn, was considered responsible for his talmidim (Mt 12:2; Lk 19:39; Yn 17:12). Mt 5:1+.


Ta•mar (Thamar)—mother of Peretz and Zerach; in Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:3.


Ta‘•nakh (Tanach)

Ta•nakh—acronym formed from the first letters of the three parts of the Hebrew Bible: T orah, N evi’im and K ’tuvim (see glossary entries). Hence, the Old Testament. Rendered "scripture" or "it is written" in most translations of the New Testament. The reason the New Testament writers cite the Tanakh so frequently is that they understand it as God’s authoritative Word to mankind. Mt 4:4+.

Tan•chu•met (Tanhumeth)

Ta•pu•ach (Tappuah)

Tar•’a•lah (Taralah)


Tar•p’•lim (Tarpelites)


"Tar•shish" ships—ships seaworthy enough to sail to Tarshish, usually identified with Spain

Tar•shi•shah (Tarshish)




Tav—last (22nd) letter of Hebrew alphabet

Tav•’el (Tabeel)

Tav•‘e•rah (Taberah)

Ta•vi•ta (Tabitha)—woman in Yafo whom Kefa raised from the dead. Ac 9:36.

Ta•vor (Tabor)

Tav•rim•mon (Tabrimon)

Taz•ri•a—Parashah 27; Leviticus 12:1–13:59

T’chi•nah (Tehinnah)

Tei•ma (Tema)

Tei•man (Teman)

Tei•ma•ni (Temanite)

Teim•ni (Temeni)

Te•lach (Telah)

tel—mound of remains which accumulates under a city over the centuries

Tel•’a•sar (Telassar)

Tel-A•viv (Tel-abib)


Tel-Har•sha (Tel-haresha)

Tel-Me•lach (Tel-melah)

Te•mach (Temah)

Te•rach (Terah, Thara)—father of Avraham avinu; in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:34.


Tet (Teth)—9th letter of Hebrew alphabet

Te•tza•veh—Parashah 20; Exodus 27:20–30:10

Te•vach (Tebah)

Te•vet (Tebeth)—4th month of the biblical year, 10th month of the modern Jewish year (in December–January).

Te•vetz (Thebez)

t’•fil•lin* [A]—two black leather boxes containing scrolls with Bible passages on them (Exodus 13:1–16; Deuteronomy 6:4–9; 11:13–21). During synagogue prayers men affix one to their hand and arm and the other to their forehead, in obedience to Deuteronomy 6:8. T’fillin are called phylacteries in most translations. To "lay" t’fillin is to use them, to put them in place. Mt 23:5.


Tif•sach (Tiphsah)

Tig•lat-Pil•’e•ser (Tiglath-pileser)


Til•gat-Piln’•e•ser (Tilgath-pilneser)


Ti•mai (Timaeus)—Hebrew name based on Greek timÍ, "value." Mk 10:46.



Tim•nat-He•res (Timnath-heres)

Tim•nat-Se•rach (Timnath-serah)


Tir•‘a•tim (Tirathites)

Tir•cha•nah (Tirhanah)


Tir•sha•ta (Tirshatha)—governor

Tir•tzah (Tirzah)

Tir•ya (Tiria)

Tish•be, from (Tishbite)

Ti•tzi (Tizite)

Tiv•ni (Tibni)

T’•kel—see entry at M’ne.

T’•ko•a (Tekoa)

T’•la•’im (Telaim)

To•ach (Toah)

To•chu (Tohu)

To•dah (Theudas)—There was a false Messiah with this name who promised to divide the waters of the Yarden River and lead his followers across, c. 44 c.e.; but the Todah of Ac 5:36 was the leader of a rebellion against Rome around 6 c.e.

To•fel (Tophel)

To•fet (Tophet)



To•k’•hat (Tokhath)

To•khen (Tochen)



To•la•‘i (Tolaite)

Tol’dot—Parashah 6; Genesis 25:19–28:9

T•’o•ma (Thomas) [A]—one of the twelve emissaries of Yeshua. Mt 10:3+.

To •rah*—literally, "teaching," but usually translated "Law" because Greek uses nomos ("law") to render Hebrew Torah. (1) The Five Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), called the Written Torah. Mt 5:17. (2) That plus the Nevi’im (Prophets) and K’tuvim (Writings), i.e., the whole Tanakh. Yn 10:34. (3) That plus additional material (the Oral Torah) considered in varying degree authoritative in Judaism, Ga 5:3. (4) Uncapitalized, torah can be understood generically as "law" or "principle." Ro 7:21–8:2.

To• rah*-teacher—this term translates Hebrew sofer (pl. sofrim), corresponding to Greek grammateus, and usually rendered "scribe." The first-century scribes were apparently non-ordained teachers of Torah. Mt 2:4+.



Tov (Tob)

Tov-A•do•ni•yah (Tob-adonijah)

To•vi•yah (Tobiah)

treif—literally "torn." Since meat torn by wild animals is forbidden under the Jewish dietary laws, treif means, by extension, "non-kosher" ("not fit" to be eaten by Jews). Ac 10:14+.

T’ru•mah—Parashah 19; Exodus 25:1–27:19

t’shu•vah—literally, "turning." In the context of behavior it means repentance, since the sinner who "does t’shuvah" is turning from sin to God. Mt 13:15+.

tsu •ris [Y]—troubles (from Hebrew tzarot). Mt 6:34+.

tu•mim (thummim)—together with the urim, the means used by the cohanim to determine God’s will in certain situations.

Tu•val (Tubal)

Tu•val-Ka•yin (Tubal-cain)

Tu•vi•ya•hu (Tobijah)

T’•val•ya•hu (Tebaliah)

Tza•’a•nan (Zaanan)