(Siloam)(1) A tower. Lk 13:4. (2) A pool near
the city walls of Yerushalayim. The word shiloach
means "aqueduct" (from the root sh-l-ch,
"send"); the aqueduct, dug when Hizkiyahu
was king of Yhudah in the eighth century
b.c.e., sent water from the Gichon Spring to the pool
at Shiloach. One can still walk through a tunnel
which formed part of the aqueduct. Yn 9:7ff.
whom it belongs; also a place-name.
(Shimei, Semein)in Messianic genealogy. Lk
(Simon, Simeon)(1) Tribe of Israel descended
from the second son of Yaakov. Rv 7:7. (2) Old
man who blessed Yeshua in the Temple. Lk 2:25ff. (3)
Ancestor of Yeshua the Messiah. Lk 3:30. (4)
Shimon Bar-Yochanan (Simon, son of John; Simon
Barjona)Shimon Kefa (see below). (5)
Another of Yeshuas talmidim, known as
Shimon the Zealot, i.e., a member of the party
set on revolt against the Roman conquerors. Mt 10:4+.
(6) Brother of Yeshua. Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3. (7) Person
in Beit-Anyah who had had a skin disease. Mt 26:6+.
(8) Cyrenian compelled to carry Yeshuas
execution-stake. Mt 27:32+. (9) Parush in
whose house Yeshua ate. Lk 7:40ff. (10) Father of
Yhudah from Kriot. Yn 6:71+. (11)
Sorcerer in Shomron. Ac 8:9ff. (12) Tanner in Yafo
with whom Kefa lodged. Ac 9:43+. (13) Follower of
Yeshua and prophet in Antioch, called "the
Black." Ac 13:1.
Kefa (Simon Peter)one of the
twelve emissaries of Yeshua (see Kefa). Mt 4:18+.
(Samson)a judge of Israel (Judges 1316).
letter of Hebrew alphabet
"seven." After the burial of a father,
mother, brother, sister, son, daughter or spouse a
Jewish mourner remains at home for seven days; this
custom is called "sitting shivah."
(Shechem, Sychem, Sychar)city in the mountains
of Shomron, on the southeast edge of modern Nablus
(Neapolis). Yn 4:5+.
Presence, the manifest glory of God present with men.
(Shelomith, Salome)talmidah of Yeshua.
(Solomon)king of Israel; in Messianic
genealogy. Mt 1:6+.
O Israel, the LORD (Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh)
your God, the LORD is one" (Deuteronomy 6:4),
the central affirmation of Judaism both then and now.
Together with the next verse of Deuteronomy, which
enjoins loving God with everything one is and has,
Yeshua called this the most important mitzvah
in the Torah. Mk 12:29.
26; Leviticus 9:111:47
Debtors are released from their debts every seven
years (Deuteronomy 15).
[Y]engage in friendly gossipy chit-chat. The
word is derived from Hebrew shmuot,
"things heard, rumors." Lk 10:4.
13; Exodus 1:16:1
(Samuel)prophet in the days of Kings
Shaul and David. Ac 3:24+.
far*rams horn; often rendered as
"trumpet." Mt 24:31+.
48; Deuteronomy 16:1821:9
(Sheol, Hades, hell)the place of the dead,
according to the Tanakh. Mt 11:23+.
(Samaria)region of Eretz-Yisrael
in the hill country north of Yerushalayim and south
of the Galil. The Samaritans, a mixed ethnic group
descended from Jews deported by the Assyrians in the
8th century b.c.e. and other peoples ruled by the
Assyrians, followed a religion combining pagan and
Jewish elements. According to the book of Nehemiah in
the Tanakh, they arrayed themselves against
those rebuilding Yerushalayim. By the first century
most Jews regarded them as pariahs. Mt 10:5+.
(Susanna)a follower of Yeshua. The name means
"lily" or "rose." Lk 8:3.
girl from Shulam
11th month of the biblical year, 5th month of the
modern Jewish year (in JanuaryFebruary).
(Silas)co-worker with Shaul. Ac 15:22+.
(Sina)mountain in the desert between Egypt and Eretz-Yisrael
where Israel received the Torah from God
through Moshe. Ac 7:30+.
month of the biblical year, 9th month of the modern
Jewish year (in MayJune).
on of hands, hence ordination, grant of authority. Mt
(seraphim)a class of angelic beings, like the kruvim
(see glossary entry)
(Serug, Saruch)ancestor of Avraham; in
Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:35.
(Succoth)the feast of Booths (Tabernacles),
celebrating the forty years when the people of Israel
lived in sukkot (booths,
tents, shacks; singular sukkah)
in the desert between Egypt and Eretz-Yisrael.
It is one of three pilgrim festivals when Jews were
expected to go up to Yerushalayim in Yhudah. Yn
(Thaddeus, Thaddaeus)one of the twelve
emissaries of Yeshua. Mt 10:3+.
weight variously between 60 and 100 pounds. A talent
of gold would be worth around $300,000 at the current
price of $300/ounce. Mt 25:15+.
girl, get up! The word talita, being the
feminine form of the word for "lamb," is
therefore an affectionate diminutive (compare English
"lambikin"). Mk 5:41.
form of Egyptian ptolemy, the name given to
Egyptian kings during the centuries before Yeshua. In
the New Testament the name is found in the form Bar-Talmai
(Bartholomew), "son of ptolemy." Mt
fem. talmidah, pl. talmidimdisciple,
student. The relationship between a talmid and
his rabbi was very close: not only did the talmid
learn facts, reasoning processes and how to perform
religious practices from his rabbi, but he regarded
him as an example to be imitated in conduct and
character (see Mt 10:2425; Lk 6:40; Yn
13:1315; 1C 11:1). The rabbi, in turn, was
considered responsible for his talmidim (Mt
12:2; Lk 19:39; Yn 17:12). Mt 5:1+.
(Thamar)mother of Peretz and Zerach; in
Messianic genealogy. Mt 1:3.
formed from the first letters of the three parts of
the Hebrew Bible: T orah, N
eviim and K tuvim
(see glossary entries). Hence, the Old Testament.
Rendered "scripture" or "it is
written" in most translations of the New
Testament. The reason the New Testament writers cite
the Tanakh so frequently is that they
understand it as Gods authoritative Word to
mankind. Mt 4:4+.
shipsships seaworthy enough to sail to
Tarshish, usually identified with Spain
(22nd) letter of Hebrew alphabet
(Tabitha)woman in Yafo whom Kefa raised from
the dead. Ac 9:36.
27; Leviticus 12:113:59
of remains which accumulates under a city over the
(Terah, Thara)father of Avraham avinu;
in Messianic genealogy. Lk 3:34.
(Teth)9th letter of Hebrew alphabet
20; Exodus 27:2030:10
(Tebeth)4th month of the biblical year, 10th
month of the modern Jewish year (in
[A]two black leather boxes containing scrolls
with Bible passages on them (Exodus 13:116;
Deuteronomy 6:49; 11:1321). During
synagogue prayers men affix one to their hand and arm
and the other to their forehead, in obedience to
Deuteronomy 6:8. Tfillin are called
phylacteries in most translations. To "lay"
tfillin is to use them, to put them in
place. Mt 23:5.
(Timaeus)Hebrew name based on Greek timÍ,
"value." Mk 10:46.
entry at Mne.
(Theudas)There was a false Messiah with this
name who promised to divide the waters of the Yarden
River and lead his followers across, c. 44 c.e.; but
the Todah of Ac 5:36 was the leader of a rebellion
against Rome around 6 c.e.
6; Genesis 25:1928:9
(Thomas) [A]one of the twelve emissaries of
Yeshua. Mt 10:3+.
but usually translated "Law" because Greek
uses nomos ("law") to render Hebrew Torah.
(1) The Five Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Genesis,
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), called the
Written Torah. Mt 5:17. (2) That plus the Neviim
(Prophets) and Ktuvim (Writings), i.e.,
the whole Tanakh. Yn 10:34. (3) That plus
additional material (the Oral Torah)
considered in varying degree authoritative in
Judaism, Ga 5:3. (4) Uncapitalized, torah can
be understood generically as "law" or
"principle." Ro 7:218:2.
rah*-teacherthis term translates Hebrew sofer
(pl. sofrim), corresponding to Greek grammateus,
and usually rendered "scribe." The
first-century scribes were apparently non-ordained
teachers of Torah. Mt 2:4+.
"torn." Since meat torn by wild animals is
forbidden under the Jewish dietary laws, treif
means, by extension, "non-kosher"
("not fit" to be eaten by Jews). Ac 10:14+.
19; Exodus 25:127:19
"turning." In the context of behavior it
means repentance, since the sinner who "does tshuvah"
is turning from sin to God. Mt 13:15+.
ris [Y]troubles (from Hebrew tzarot).
(thummim)together with the urim, the
means used by the cohanim to determine
Gods will in certain situations.